Lyme disease is inflectional illness with endemic character, which is caused by certain microbe – Borrelia Burgdorferi. The disease is widespread in specific regions and the main sources of the infection are mice and other rodents, wild and domestic animals and some birds. The transmitters of the disease are mites of the genus Ixodes, as the infection occurs through the bite and rarely in the conjunctiva of the eyes when stroking the mite. The Lyme disease has seasonal character and usually occurs during the summer months in the period of increased activity of the ticks.
The incubation (latent) period of the Lyme disease is between 2 and 35 days, and average of 10 days.
The incubation period of parasitism averaged about 10-15 days for three days and tropical malaria, while the four – it can reach up to 1-2 months. Described is a form of three-day malaria cause Pl. Vivax, whereby the incubation period reaches the year. The clinical picture of the disease begins with flu-like symptoms – malaise, weakness, anorexia, fever. A typical attack begins with malarien feeling cold lasting half to two hours, followed by raising the temperature to above 38 degrees, accompanied by headache, pain in joints and muscles. Sometimes the background of fever may occur and seizures. This phase lasts 4-6 hours. It follows a sharp drop in temperature and profuse sweating. Depending on the type of malaria attacks was repeated every 48 h. Causes at Pl. vivax and ovale, less up to daily in tropical malaria, 72 h. – when the causative Pl. malariae.
Malaria is a protozoan disease with fever and relapsing fever, anemia and hepatosplenomegaly. Malaria is one of the most widespread tropical parasitic diseases in the world. Spread is endemic in Africa, Asia, Oceania, Central and South America. It is caused by parasites of the genus Plasmodium – Plasmodium vivax – causes malaria tertiana (three-day malaria); Plasmodium ovale – causes malaria ovale (three-day malaria); Plasmodium falciparum – causes tropical malaria; Plasmodium malariae – causes malaria malariae – a four-day malaria.
The most common Crohn’s disease symptoms are abdominal pain, localized mainly around the navel, pain during bowel movements, diarrhea, sometimes with blood in the stool, lack of appetite and weight loss.
Other symptoms of the Crohn’s disease are also changes in the skin around the anus (ulcers, fistulas, etc., possibly with natichane secretion), fever (high body temperature), general weakness, in children lagging behind in growth and sexual maturation.
If your doctor suspects that you have Crohn’s disease, he will examine in detail about your complaints and will do a full review, looking for symptoms of the disease. Could you make some of these tests, such as blood tests, possibly to show an increased number of white blood cells and other signs of inflammation and / or anemia (low red blood cells – red blood cells). These are possible signs of the disease.
Vasculitis symptoms vary in different types of vasculitis. Some of the complaints were common to the whole group, but others are specific to the type of affected blood vessels, the severity of the damage and the type of diseased organs:
Nodosa polyarteritis – fever with chills, weight loss, weakness, constant fatigue, general weakness and malaise, headache, abdominal pain, muscle pain, high blood blood pressure, shortness of breath, skin rash with nodular, painful growths on the skin, polyneuropathy with reduced sensitivity of the skin of the extremities, numbness and tingling, symptoms of central nervous system such as stroke
Hypersensitivity vasculitis – skin rash with raised, groping to purple spots on the skin, especially in the lower limbs, fever, joint pain
Giant cell arteritis – fever, sore jaw after chewing, loss of appetite, vision problems, headache, general weakness and malaise, constant fatigue, joint pain
The disease has a characteristic clinical picture. For the diagnosis of trichinosis crucial data about the consumption of pork, usually there are other infected – from family or mutual customers. Always patient complaints associated with food and this slows down the diagnostic process.
The discovery in laboratory tests – usually with a pronounced increase in eosinophilic blood cells points to the presence of parasites. Another telling sign is the significant increase in enzymes, marking muscular lesion as creatine kinase, lactate dehydrogenase, aminotransferase (ASAT, ALAT). Detection of trichinosis is carried serological most often through radioiminologichen analysis, ELISA and other methods. Fecal sample makes sense to explore in the first 48 hours after consumption. Muscle biopsy has a high diagnostic value, but to such invasive tests rarely enough. It is important to study consumed meat wherein the encapsulated visualized parasites.
Rubella is an acute infectious disease caused by a virus that is characterized by mild fever, rash and swollen and painful lymph nodes and prone to serious damage to the fetus during pregnancy. Rubella disease is airborne (respiratory infection). In children, most cases are mild and resemble a mild form of measles. But in adolescents and adults rubella can occur much more severe. The most characteristic feature of the disease is marked swelling (increase) and tenderness of the affected lymph nodes. Infectious diseases Rubella is caused by a virus (rubella virus), which belongs to the genus Togavirusi.
Rubella is airborne infection, ie transmission of the virus becomes airborne. The virus is absorbed (or breathe) in contact with microscopic droplets and splashes separated from the nose, mouth and throat of an infected person sneezing and coughing. More rarely, the virus is spread by direct contact with secretions released by the patient. Contagious are as sick and healthy infection carriers. Important for development virus are mild forms of the disease.
The seborrhea disease is general condition of the body that is manifested by abnormal excretion of sebum secretion (impaired lipid metabolism) from the skin. Lipid secretion is altered chemical composition and quantity. The reasons for the occurrence of this condition are not fully understood. It is that important for this are:
– mental condition
– hormonal imbalance (thyroid, gonads)
– disorders of the gastrointestinal tract and the like.
Seborrheic areas on the head and body are those that are rich in fat and sweat glands and hair. These are :
– face – nose, forehead, chin, cheeks;
– the scalp;
– back – in the area between the two blades;
– skin in the groin.
The skin of people with seborrhea is prone to develop skin diseases. On seborrheic skin form:
– during puberty – acne, milia and acne
– after puberty can develop diseases such as seborrheic eczema, rosacea, alopecia
– in Elderly – warts, rhinophyma, and other diseases.
Schemes for vasculitis treatment vary, but in general the treatment of vasculitis is aimed at reducing inflammation of the blood vessel wall and restoring and improving the function of the affected organs. Inflammation of the vessel wall was treated with potent anti-inflammatory agents such as corticosteroids (eg. Prednisone), often in combination with drugs that suppress the activity of the immune system (such as cyclophosphamide, cyclosporine, azathioprine, methotrexate, etc., Are produced under various trade naimeovaniya). Sometimes high doses preparations containing antibodies (gamma globulin) or methods that derive a special machine harmful autoantibodies by the patient’s blood (method called plasmapheresis).
Additional medications and therapies used to treat organ damage and their consequences (eg. Antibiotic for the treatment of inflammatory complications of the lungs, drugs for lowering high blood pressure due to renal impairment, hemodialysis in end-stage renal impairment and chronic renal failure, etc).
The meningitis types are quite various divided by the source of infection. The bacterial meningitis is caused by some bacterias, which are infecting the meninges of the brain or spinal cord. The bacterial meningitis in adults has an annual incidence of 4-6 cases per 100 000 population, as Streptococcus pneumoniae and Neisseria meningitidis are causing more than 80% from the all cases. The common symptoms of the bacterial meningitis are driven by irritation of the meninges and peripheral nerves. Such bacterial meningitis symptoms are headache, vomiting, irritation from light. Such symptoms are typical for all the types of meningitis, as the bacterial one has also strong fever, neck stiffness and altered consciousness. Definitely this is the most dangerous and harmful meningitis as, the fast diagnosis should be made and the treatment should be done as fast as possible. It is usually considered that every minute of the Bacterial Meningitis is important and the fast diagnosis ensure fully cure of the patient.