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Acne treatment

Acne treatment

Acne is a disease which frequently occurs in oily skin as a result of increased secretion of the sebaceous glands mostly on the face, chest and back. The forms of acne are different and include comedones, red buds, pustules and tight buds. These forms may occur alone, but more often represent consecutive stages of acne.

Comedones are two types: open – with a black top, which is due to the oxidation of horns ingredient and impurity powder and closed – white top. Red buds contain a whitish discharge. They can become infected by bacteria go pus shaped pustules with yellowish discharge. Pustules can pierce the skin surface and form crusts or increase its size and form compacted bud that is very painful. In the latter case the inflammation has covered the entire sebaceous gland and sometimes hairy-fat follicle. The merger of several tight buds formed form of the inflammatory process when engaging and subcutaneous.

Particular form of acne is acne conglobata – painful nodules on the face neck and back that suppurating, pierce the skin fistulising, ulceration and heal with scarring. The reasons are complex. The disease appears during puberty around 12- 13 years, earlier in girls, but more severe in boys. More correct to talk about the factors that may be associated with the development of acne.

Internal factors:
Genetic inheritance with varying degrees of variability
Hormonal – associated with increased secretion of androgens during puberty

External factors:
Anaerobic bacteria in seborrheic areas – mainly Propionibacterium acnes.
Systematic acceptance or contact with halogens, iodine, chlorine, bromine.
Systematic intake of vitamins B6, B12 and vitamin. E and corticosteroids.
Contact irritants – oils, tars.
Mental stress – stress.

The majority of factors are not accepted as a separate independent cause of acne. These are: genetics, diet, stress, hormonal changes. They coincide with the care of oily skin with enlarged pores and comedones. Used several steps that can be applied in this initial stage of acne.

1. Cleaning pores and comedones:
wash skin one – twice daily with mild soap that cleans the skin without it dehydrated and dried. In the presence of papules and pustules skin is almost always more sensitive. This requires the use of hypoallergenic cosmetics (soaps, lotions, creams, etc.) – such as Eucerin products for problem skin / acne, Roc, Avene, Bioderma.
cleaning the skin with a scrub or exfoliating mask with micro: 1- 2 times a week. For which purpose the pores must be opened, which is achieved with steam bath or topical application of 3% oxygen gas voda.Pri presence of papules and pustules must first master the inflammatory process and only then use the scrub or exfoliating mask . Manual removal of papules, pustules and pimples is sealed napravilno and leads to formation of scars.
application ready scrubs – should be done with extreme caution and under the supervision of a dermatologist / Retin A, Bactroban, Scinoren, Acnederm, Acnedasil and others. /. Are applied under more severe forms of acne.

2. Reduction of sebum secretion – antiseborrhoeic agents, solvents of sebum. As such, using 1-2% salicylic alcohol and various ready lotions containing glycolic or ± – hydroxy acids. If necessary, additional use of suspensions or mixtures according to the opinion of a dermatologist solvents of sebum applied prior to application and after removal of the suspension or the mixture. Mixtures, often prescribed for more – advanced acne, as they are applied in the evening and residues are cleaned in the morning. They antiseborrheic contain antibacterial ingredients.

3. Antibacterial products – gels, creams, lotions, mixtures suitable forms for oily skin. Such preparations are ready Dalacin T, Acnerin, lotions containing erythromycin. Antibacterial ingredients, in addition to topical antibiotics in the various mixtures are: benzoyl – peroxide, resorcinol and sulfur.

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