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Amoebic dysentery

Amoebic dysentery

Amoebic dysentery is an acute or chronic relapsing parasitic disease leading to damage to the digestive tract, but also possible organ complications. The cause is protozoan parasites Entamoeba hystolitica. It exists in several forms – as called trophosoites with forma magna and forma minuta, and cyst.

Man is infected by fecal-oral mechanism by contaminated hands, water, foodstuffs, in which the digestive tract falls cyst. From the mature one is De-couple amoebas as forma minuta. They can remain in the intestinal lumen for a long time without causing a clinic, but are a source of new cysts in the environment. In moving to forma magna however occurs inflammation of the lining of the colon under the action of enzymes secreted by the parasite to growth and even possibly passing into the bloodstream amoebas, by which the latter may be localized in various tissues with the formation of pus local collections – abscesses.

The disease is spread primarily in the tropics and subtropics.

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