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Category Archives: Bone disease

Recklinghausen’s disease treatment

Patients with neurofibromatosis be strictly monitored for neurological symptoms of central or peripheral origin. Depending on the size and location of neurofibroma, available symptoms or risk of developing complications is held surgical removal.

The results of surgical treatment and prognosis for patients depend on the possibility of radical surgery and malignancy of the tumor. Chemotherapeutic options for unresectable cases undergo continuous development. Skeletal abnormalities and complications are corrected surgically. Cutaneous neurofibromas also be removed surgically or by laser with varying degrees of success.

Between 3 and 15% of patients with Alzheimer’s Recklinghausen affected by malignant transformations (due to genetic mutations). Tumors unless the person can affect the stomach, colon, nervous system and hematopoietic tissue.

Prognosis of the disease is highly individual. The clinical course and progression him are different in each patient. Those complications of the disease are not common, but their presence significantly worse survival.

Recklinghausen’s disease diagnosis

Recklinghausen’s disease diagnosis is based on certain criteria in the clinical picture. An important factor is the presence of a family history, which facilitates the diagnostic process. Genetic studies are available, but the mutation may not be detected. They are important in prenatal diagnosis.

Imaging studies such as MRI, CT carry information about the presence, size and spread of neurofibromas and other tumors of the nervous system. Radiographs enable assessment accompanying skeletal abnormalities or complications of underlying disease. The echography with doppler and angiographic studies have demonstrated damage to blood vessels.

Histological examination after removal of tumor formation gives an idea of ​​the type and determining the prognosis of disease.

Recklinghausen’s disease symptoms

Recklinghausen's disease symptoms

Skin changes are the ones who first noticed by the patient or parents and signal to seek specialist. Skin appear pigmented spots with color “coffee with milk” – café au lait. The most often multiple, as a diagnostic criterion – at least five.

Recklinghausen’s disease

Recklinghausen's disease

Recklinghausen’s disease is a disease characterized by skin neurofibromatosis nodes, pigmentation disorders and neurofibromas with different localization. This is a relatively common inherited disease that affects 1 in 3500-4000 people. Described for the first time by Friedrich Recklinghausen, professor of Kenisbarg.

Neurofibromatosis is the result of a genetic defect localized in the 17th chromosome. It is inherited in an autosomal dominant way, which means that the risk parent – winner of mutation to transmit the disease in the offspring is 50%. In most cases, however, it is a newly mutations. Not yet clarified the exact causes of the disease. Gene itself is connected to control intracellular signaling.

Osteoporosis treatment

Osteoporosis treatment

Osteoporosis treatment is best done after hormone replacement therapy, which improves the chances of preventing osteoporosis in women. But not all of its effects are positive. Hormonal replacement therapy as a combination therapy – estrogen plus progestin can lead to serious side effects and health risks. Consult a doctor to assess the possibilities and making the best decision about your treatment.

Hormone replacement therapy is available in many forms that include tablets, patches, and vaginal creams. If this therapy is not appropriate for you, there are other medications that can reduce bone loss and even increase bone density over time. These include:

Osteoporosis diagnosis

Osteoporosis diagnosis

Specialists can detect early signs of osteoporosis through the use of a variety of apparatus to measure bone density. The best prophylactic study is osteo-densitometria. The procedure is fast, simple and results can be immediately reported. It allows to measure bone density of the spine, hip and wrist (areas most prone to osteoporosis) and accurately track changes over time.

Other tests that accurately measure bone density include ultrasound and quantitative computed tomography scan. It is recommended to make profilactic reviews of all women not taking estrogen in the following circumstances:

– medication (prednisone), which might cause osteoporosis
– presence of type 1 diabetes, liver disease, kidney disease and a family history of osteoporosis
– occurrence of early menopause
– climax, over 50 years old and at least one risk factor for osteoporosis
– climax, aged 65 years and until now and never had osteodensitometriya.

Osteoporosis symptoms

Osteoporosis symptoms

As many as 4 out of 5 people with osteoporosis do not know that they have it and therefore do not know they are at risk of fracturing a bone. This is because osteoporosis is a ‘silent’ disease without obvious symptoms. It can progress without people being aware that they have the disease until they break a bone. It is therefore important that osteoporosis is diagnosed and treated as early as possible. Sometimes osteoporosis is not diagnosed, even after a fracture has occurred. This is because the underlying cause of the fracture has not been properly investigated.

Osteoporosis symptoms are characterized with the description of the disease, as main are loss of height, bent posture, breaking wrist, fracture of the femoral neck. In the early stages of bone loss there is usually no indication of changes to a person’s external appearance and expressed symptoms.

Warning signs and symptoms to look out for include:
– back pains
– loss of height
– bent posture
– vertebral fractures
– breaking wrist
– fracture of the femoral neck
– fracture of other bones

Osteoporosis disease


Osteoporosis disease is a condition in which the bones are weak and brittle to the point where even a slight load may lead to breakage. In most cases, reduced bone strength is due to low levels of calcium, phosphorus and other minerals in the bone composition. Osteoporosis can also accompany diseases of endocrine glands, or be due to the use of high doses of certain drugs, such as corticosteroids.