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Category Archives: Diagnosis

Malaria Diagnosis

Diagnosis of malaria

Delay in malaria diagnosis and treatment is a leading cause of death in malaria patients worldwide.

Malaria disease should be diagnosed and treated promptly to avoid serious complications and in some cases, death. Accurate diagnosis of malaria is essential for effective treatment against the infection.

Bacterial Meningitis Diagnosis

bacterial meningitis diagnosis

If you suspect bacterial meningitis it is advisable to get a diagnosis and treatment as soon as possible. Bacterial meningitis can progress rapidly, and can result in death or permanent disability. In severe cases immediate medical intervention is vital.

Salmonella Diagnosis

salmonella diagnosis

If in doubt, it would be best to get diagnosed and treated by a medical professional.

Diagnosing and the accurate treatment of salmonella require testing a clinical specimen. A lot of people will identify food poisoning from their distinctive symptoms and, if mild symptoms are experienced, they do not usually need to seek medical advice or receive detailed medical treatment.

Meningitis Diagnosis


Early meningitis diagnosis and treatment is vital.

If you suspect that you or someone you know have meningitis, early diagnosis and treatment of the disease is crucial. Meningitis is often mistaken for the flu with irreversible consequences. There are 5 types of meningitis, caused by diverse factors and each requires different treatment. Bacterial meningitis and viral meningitis are the two most common forms of the disease. Viral meningitis often resolves on its own but bacterial meningitis requires early diagnosis and treatment.

Tinnitus Diagnosis

Tinnitus Diagnosis

If you experience problems with your hearing, such as ringing or buzzing sounds, you should speak to your doctor about a tinnitus diagnosis; especially if the noise is causing you ongoing distress and discomfort, or is accompanied by pain, hearing loss, vertigo or a combination of all of these.

GERD (Acid Reflux) Diagnosis

GERD Diagnosis

Your primary medical practitioner will be able to provide a GERD diagnosis based on your description of the symptoms. He/she may suggest additional tests to rule out other possible causes of your symptoms, to determine the degree of damage, or to decide the best course of treatment. Your doctor may also refer you to a specialist for further diagnosis and observation depending on the severity of your symptoms.

Insomnia Test

Insomnia Test and Diagnosis

Before seeking a diagnosis from a professional medical practitioner, you can ask yourself a series of questions, effectively conducting your own insomnia test.

Sleep Apnea Test

Initial Sleep Apnea Test

When you alert your doctor he/she may conduct a series of sleep apnea tests. However, your doctor’s initial diagnosis will likely be based on family medical history, physical examination, and sleep study results. Your general practitioner will be able to evaluate the severity of the symptoms and recommend treatment or refer you to a sleep specialist depending on symptom severity.

It may be worth checking to see if there are other sleep apnea sufferers in the family. Remember, many people are unaware of the symptoms and their sleep apnea is left undiagnosed.

Trichinella diagnosis

trichinella diagnosis

The disease has a characteristic clinical picture. For the diagnosis of trichinosis crucial data about the consumption of pork, usually there are other infected – from family or mutual customers. Always patient complaints associated with food and this slows down the diagnostic process.
The discovery in laboratory tests – usually with a pronounced increase in eosinophilic blood cells points to the presence of parasites. Another telling sign is the significant increase in enzymes, marking muscular lesion as creatine kinase, lactate dehydrogenase, aminotransferase (ASAT, ALAT). Detection of trichinosis is carried serological most often through radioiminologichen analysis, ELISA and other methods. Fecal sample makes sense to explore in the first 48 hours after consumption. Muscle biopsy has a high diagnostic value, but to such invasive tests rarely enough. It is important to study consumed meat wherein the encapsulated visualized parasites.

Tonsillitis diagnosis

tonsillitis diagnosis

Clinical examination and detailed description of the beginning and complaints in this state are sufficient grounds for the diagnosis of tonsillitis / angina by the GP or specialist ear-nose-throat. The features of the amendments themselves tonsils and directed to the specific bacterial cause in some specific cases.

Where appropriate diagnosis is complemented by laboratory tests of blood – has expressed leukocytosis at (increased number of leukocytes) bacterial, no leukocytosis or has a reduced number of leukocytes in viral tonsillitis. If there is evidence out microbiological tests on throat swabs and smear tonsils that determine at specific bacteria and their antibiotic sensitivity.

Recklinghausen’s disease diagnosis

Recklinghausen’s disease diagnosis is based on certain criteria in the clinical picture. An important factor is the presence of a family history, which facilitates the diagnostic process. Genetic studies are available, but the mutation may not be detected. They are important in prenatal diagnosis.

Imaging studies such as MRI, CT carry information about the presence, size and spread of neurofibromas and other tumors of the nervous system. Radiographs enable assessment accompanying skeletal abnormalities or complications of underlying disease. The echography with doppler and angiographic studies have demonstrated damage to blood vessels.

Histological examination after removal of tumor formation gives an idea of ​​the type and determining the prognosis of disease.

Syncope diagnosis

syncope diagnosis

Physical examination should be directed to the cardiovascular system to exclude life-threatening cause of syncope. Auscultation of the heart can detect cardiac murmur. It is a measurement of blood pressure in the supine and upright position to detect signs of orthostatic (drop in systolic blood pressure> 15 mm Hg or more than 10% of the value in the supine position).

Hemochromatosis diagnosis and treatment

Hemochromatosis diagnosis

Diagnosis of the Hemochromatosis disease is relatively easy especially if you think about it. Usually established elevated serum iron and greatly reduced JAC reflecting capacity of the blood to bind iron. Further, the diagnosis is made based on liver biopsy and histological examination. Treatment for hemochromatosis has two major phases. On the one hand it aims at removing excess iron from the body in order predotvartyavane further damage orgnite and other therapy already arisen organ disorders.

With very good effect is the weekly bloodletting. Thanks to it, is achieved relative iron deficiency and, moreover, the loss of iron is beneficial intervention on liver damage, diabetes and heart damage. In some cases it is appropriate and the application of so-called. iron chelators – these are preparations that bind iron and recovered from the body. Their application is especially useful in the so-called. secondary hemochromatosis.

Mesenteric ischemia diagnosis

Mesenteric ischemia diagnosis

If the patient’s condition allows the mesenteric ischemia diagnosis is gone by a number of studies and examinations. First it will be asked by the general state complaints, past and accompanying diseases of the patient. Along with this, he will perform a physical examination. As part of this, the doctor will inquire about smoking, hypertension, diabetes and others.

Parkinson’s disease diagnosis

Parkinson's disease diagnosis

Parkinson’s disease develops slowly and gradually with atypical symptoms such as shoulder pain, numbness, clumsiness. With time to develop and the main symptoms of the disease as characteristic of Parkinson’s disease is asymmetrical start. With the evolution of the disease leads to severe motor disability of the patient.

Formed four cardinal symptoms:
Static tremor (tremor at rest) – in 70% of patients this is the first clinical sign. Usually begins unilaterally distally, most often by hand. Tremor has a frequency 3-7Hz. Typically, it is rhythmic, disappears in movement during sleep. Growing from emotional stress. Over time may be extended to the whole arm, leg, contralateral limbs.
Rigidity – expressed by an increase in muscle tone of the different muscle groups. In a study of muscle tone rigidity exhibits a constant resistance to outward movement of the limbs. The resistance may occur smoothly, but often is obtained stepwise “Phenomenon of the toothed wheel”, that can be reinforced when the passive movement of one limb against the active movement of the other.
Bradykinesia – is to delay voluntary movements, difficulty in initiating and implementing automated movements. Clinical manifestations include loss of spontaneous facial ekspresiya- hipomimiya or “masked face” reduced frequency of blinking, hypophonia in speech, monotonous speech micrograph reduced to missing physiological synkinesis hands when walking, loss of normal gestures, difficulty self. Hypokinesia is presented with reduced amplitude of movements.
Postural instability – the result of loss of postural reflexes, rigidity.

Osteoporosis diagnosis

Osteoporosis diagnosis

Specialists can detect early signs of osteoporosis through the use of a variety of apparatus to measure bone density. The best prophylactic study is osteo-densitometria. The procedure is fast, simple and results can be immediately reported. It allows to measure bone density of the spine, hip and wrist (areas most prone to osteoporosis) and accurately track changes over time.

Other tests that accurately measure bone density include ultrasound and quantitative computed tomography scan. It is recommended to make profilactic reviews of all women not taking estrogen in the following circumstances:

– medication (prednisone), which might cause osteoporosis
– presence of type 1 diabetes, liver disease, kidney disease and a family history of osteoporosis
– occurrence of early menopause
– climax, over 50 years old and at least one risk factor for osteoporosis
– climax, aged 65 years and until now and never had osteodensitometriya.

Rubella diagnosis

Rubella diagnosis

Medical attention for rubella should be sought if you or your child develop a fever, accompanied by rash (over 3 days) and swelling of the occipital linfen units. Talk to your doctor if you (or your child) are not vaccinated and have come into contact with someone with measles.

Amoebic dysentery diagnosis

Amoebic dysentery diagnosis

Amoebic dysentery diagnosis is based on clinical and microbiological laboratory findings, a technique where its research roots can be traced back in epidemiological history. The study involves undertaking fecal samples that are examined under rekto- or colonoscopy.

The procedure involves making a native microscope slide to monitor the active form or cysts, and applying staining properties to create a lasting impression. Inoculation is performed on a special medium. Serology exploration can be assisted with two titre of antibodies. Endoscopic can establish typical violations of the intestinal mucosa. Imaging techniques such as ultrasound, X-ray and CT scans can diagnose other organ damage. The images produced by these scans can also be used to examine other parasitic diseases and bacterial infections such as shigellosis and salmonellosis.

Lyme Disease diagnosis

Lyme Disease diagnosis

Lyme disease diagnosis involves medical examination, physical assessment of possible tick bites and could include laboratory tests. The first symptoms of Lyme Disease often are invisible and the illness may occur after a long gestation period from the time of the tick bite. Symptoms of lyme disease often do not follow a common pattern making accurate diagnosis difficult in a significant proportion of cases.

Stye diagnosis

stye diagnosis


A stye can be effortlessly diagnosed by your GP. If in doubt, it would be best to consult a medical professional to diagnose a stye, after all it is better to be sure than sorry! A hordeolum, commonly known as a stye is the term used by the medical profession to describe the infection of the eyelid hair follicles or the meibomian glands.