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Category Archives: Diseases

Rubella (German Measles)

Rubella "Little Red"

You might unknowingly be a carrier of “Little red”.

Symptoms habitually appear two to three weeks after exposure to the Rubella virus. The name rubella originates from the Latin word that means “little red.” Rubella, also known as German measles or three-day measles, are easily identified by its distinctive red rash. Rubella is still common in numerous parts of the world. The occurrence of rubella in other countries is to be considered before going abroad; especially if you’re pregnant. The disease is an acute, contagious viral infection.

What Is Malaria?

What Is Malaria?

Malaria Disease should not to be taken lightly.

Malaria is a life-threatening disease with symptoms that usually shows 5-16 days after infection.  Malaria is caused by the bites from the female Anopheles mosquito. The female mosquitoes search for a blood meal to nurture their eggs. When bitten, the Anopheles mosquito infects the human body with the parasite Plasmodium. They are the only mosquitoes that can cause malaria. Humidity, ambient temperatures, the host and environment are important factors in the successful development of the parasite. After being bitten by an infected mosquito, the parasite will enter the bloodstream and lodge itself within the liver.

Salmonella Poisoning

salmonella poisoning

Salmonella poisoning is a bacterial infection of the intestinal tract.

Salmonella is a form of food poisoning sharing the same gastroenteritis symptoms. This disease is caused by the Salmonella enterica bacterium.  The bacteria causing salmonella lives in human and animal intestines (warm and cold-blood) and are shed through feces. There are various diverse kinds of these bacteria. Salmonella serotype Typhimurium and Salmonella serotype Enteritidis are the most common types.

What Is Bacterial Meningitis?

What is bacterial meningitis

Bacterial meningitis is extremely serious and can be deadly.

Bacterial meningitis can be severe and identifying the symptoms can save your life. Inflammation of the membranes that outline the brain and spinal cord is called meningitis. This infection can be bacterial or viral, although there are also fungal forms of the disease. Viral meningitis is the most general type.

Meningitis Disease

Woman meningitis

Meningitis disease is the inflammation of the meninges of the brain or spinal cord. Meningitis is regarded by researchers as one of the most dangerous of diseases, effecting organs and causing serious complications.

Stye Disease

stye diagnosis

Stye disease is an acute purulent inflammation caused by an infection in the hair sacs of the lashes or the fat glandule in the edges of the eyelid. Also involving into the inflammation are the surrounding connective tissue.

GERD (Acid Reflux)

GERD (Acid Reflux)

Acid reflux, also known as heartburn or gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) affects up to sixty percent of the western adult population annually. Healthline.com approximate that seven million people in the United States alone experience some symptoms of acid reflux at any given time. Approximately one percent of acid reflux sufferers also have what is known as Barrett’s esophagus. This is more common in Caucasian males who are fifty years old and over.

Apnea (Apnoea)

The Apnea Epidemic

Many sufferers of apnea (sometimes spelled apnoea) will tell you what a nightmare it is, but many others don’t even realize they have it. Often, apnea is first noticed by a family member rather than the sufferer themselves.

Sleep apnea occurs widely in adults and children worldwide. Sleepdex.org estimates that eighteen million people in the United States alone are affected.

What is Apnea?

“Apnea” is derived from the Greek word “apnous” which literally translates as “breathless”. Apnea is a sleep disorder that causes pauses in breathing or periods of shallow breathing while a person sleeps.

Lyme disease

mosquito lyme disease

Lyme disease is an inflectional illness with an endemic character, which is caused by certain microbe – Borrelia Burgdorferi. The disease is widespread in specific regions and the main sources of the infection are mice and other rodents, wild and domestic animals and some birds. The transmitters of the disease are mites of the genus Ixodes, as the infection occurs through the bite and rarely in the conjunctiva of the eyes when stroking the mite. The Lyme disease has seasonal character and usually occurs during the summer months in the period of increased activity of the ticks.

The incubation (latent) period of the Lyme disease is between 2 and 35 days, and average of 10 days.

Seborrhea disease

Seborrhea disease

The seborrhea disease is general condition of the body that is manifested by abnormal excretion of sebum secretion (impaired lipid metabolism) from the skin. Lipid secretion is altered chemical composition and quantity. The reasons for the occurrence of this condition are not fully understood. It is that important for this are:
– mental condition
– hormonal imbalance (thyroid, gonads)
– disorders of the gastrointestinal tract and the like.

Seborrheic areas on the head and body are those that are rich in fat and sweat glands and hair. These are :
– face – nose, forehead, chin, cheeks;
– the scalp;
– breast;
– back – in the area between the two blades;
– underarms;
– skin in the groin.

The skin of people with seborrhea is prone to develop skin diseases. On seborrheic skin form:
– during puberty – acne, milia and acne
– after puberty can develop diseases such as seborrheic eczema, rosacea, alopecia
– in Elderly – warts, rhinophyma, and other diseases.

Vasculitis disease

Vasculitis disease

Vasculitis is the name for a whole group of relatively rare diseases that are characterized by inflammation of blood vessels. The totality of all blood vessels in the body to form the vascular system. Blood vessels are generally divided into arteries that deliver to tissues and organs of blood rich in oxygen and veins that carry back to the lungs impoverished oxygen blood from the tissues. The word vasculitis comes from the Latin vasculum (blood vessel) and the suffix ‘IT’ meaning inflammation. Vasculitis is synonymous with the term angiitis. When inflammation affects the arterial vessels, the condition is also called arteritis, and when they are affected veins – venulit.

Vasculitis disease causes inflammation and damage to the wall of each of the relevant blood vessels. Inflammation can be transient (acute) or be available for a long period of time (chronic). The inflammatory process can vary in severity. In cases expressed the damage to the blood vessel wall violates supply of organs with blood, which deprives them of oxygen and nutrients. This can cause serious damage to tissues and organs, especially when affected are vessels of vital organs like the brain, lungs, kidneys and others. Each of the diseases in the group of vasculitis characterized by features resulting from the type of affected blood vessels manner and severity of damage to the vessels, the type and number of organs involved and specific abnormal results from laboratory tests.

Crohn’s disease

Crohn's disease

Crohn’s disease is a chronic inflammatory bowel disease associated with the onset of ulcerative changes in the alimentary canal. Crohn’s disease can affect any portion thereof, starting from the mouth and reaches the anus, often particularly striking the Ileum (part of the small intestine located generally in the lower right area of the abdomen). Usually occurs between the ages of 15 and 40 years.

The inflammatory process in Crohn’s disease affects both the surface and deeper-lying layers of the wall most of the small intestine, thereby forming ulcerative changes. In a particularly strong inflammatory thrusts of the disease it is possible to disrupt the integrity of the intestinal wall and to form a channel (fistula) between adjacent intestinal loops between the small intestine and the other, adjacent organs (e.g., bladder) or skin.

The cause for occurrence of the disease has not yet been known. It is assumed that at its base is a viral or bacterial infection that leads to dysfunction of the immune system continued to exist after eliminating the infectious agent.

More information:

Syncope disease

Syncope

Syncope is a temporary loss of consciousness, pridruzhena loss of postural tone, followed by spontaneous recovery. Although in most cases, syncope is a benign reason, the incidence of cardiac arrhythmias as a cause of syncope in the elderly is high. Patients with partial recovery after a syncopal episode not true syncope. In these cases, it is a disease in which syncope is part of the clinical picture.

Recklinghausen’s disease

Recklinghausen's disease

Recklinghausen’s disease is a disease characterized by skin neurofibromatosis nodes, pigmentation disorders and neurofibromas with different localization. This is a relatively common inherited disease that affects 1 in 3500-4000 people. Described for the first time by Friedrich Recklinghausen, professor of Kenisbarg.

Neurofibromatosis is the result of a genetic defect localized in the 17th chromosome. It is inherited in an autosomal dominant way, which means that the risk parent – winner of mutation to transmit the disease in the offspring is 50%. In most cases, however, it is a newly mutations. Not yet clarified the exact causes of the disease. Gene itself is connected to control intracellular signaling.

Migraine disease

woman headache

Although migraine does not occur equally in each patient, as common can consider the following manifestations – migraine is characterized by the so-called. migraine attacks, which can occur suddenly or develop slowly for hours. Migraine attacks can be divided into three phases or stages.

What is Hiatal Hernia?

woman Hiatal Hernia

Hernia call passage of the contents of a body cavity, outside it, to the surface of the body or other cavity. Hiatus is opening in the diaphragm – the muscular wall that separates the chest from the abdomen. In this hole passes the esophagus, which shortly after entering the abdominal cavity passes into the stomach. In Hiatal Hernia, the stomach goes through this opening into the chest cavity. There are two main types of hiatal hernia: sliding (axial) and paraesophageal (to the esophagus). In the first case the stomach and esophagus are “crawling” along in the chest cavity as the site of their connection moves above the diaphragm. It’s safest and most common type of hernia.

Hemochromatosis disease and types

Hemochromatosis disease

Hemochromatosis is a disorder which is caused by increased iron accumulation in the organs, resulting in the occurrence of damage to them. Most often affect the liver, heart, pancreas, joints, pituitary gland. The disease is quite rare – 1/200 to 1/2000 of Caucasians. Usually, men suffer more often and more severely.

There are essentially two forms of the disease – primary and secondary.

Primary hemochromatosis is idiopathic, ie her usual cause of the disease is unknown. Most often it is a congenital disease that develops as a result of abnormally increased intestinal absorption of iron. Unlike normal subjects patients with this type of hemochromatosis absorb 3-4 times more iron than normal. Since the body is adapted for processing such a amount of iron, it is most often accumulate in certain organs, with the result that they become damaged.

Chlamydia infection disease and symptoms

Chlamydia is the second most common sexually transmitted diseases after papillomavirus. It affects both men and women but is more serious consequence at the fair sex.

Perianal fistula

Perianal fistula

Perianal fistula is a newly formed passage between the anal canal, rarely rectum and tissues around the anus. The walls of fistula are formed by so granulation tissue fruit of long inflammation. Maintain a constant incoming faeces. Thus, once formed, the fistula maintained by simmering chronic inflammation, resulting in the secretion from the fistula opening, according to health care symptoms.

The main reason for the formation of fistula are small anal glands, which start from anal canal and ends blindly in depth between the muscles of the anal canal. When they become clogged with fecal matter, creating conditions for inflammation, infection penetrates deeply and creates its own moves that by opening the skin, forming fistula channel. Less common causes of the formation of fistulas.

Mesenteric ischemia

Mesenteric ischemia

The mesenteric arteries supply blood to the small and large intestines. Ischemia, wherever they occur, is a failure of blood supply to a tissue or whole body. This is a state of impaired delivery of oxygen and nutrients to the tissues and thus improper clearing waste products from their cell metabolism. When this disease process affecting the small or large intestine is damaged and their normal functioning. Mesenteric ischemia usually involves the small intestine.