/* */ Diseases | Health Diagnosis - Part 2

Category Archives: Diseases

Acute appendicitis

Acute appendicitis disease

The appendix is a blind ending, curved appendage attached to the first part of the cecum. On its inner surface is covered with cells expressing scarce mucus secretion, which is drained to the cecum. The wall of the appendix contains mostly muscle, and lymphoid tissue. The latter is part of the body’s immune system and is involved in the production of antibodies.

Acute appendicitis means inflammation of the appendix. Food or faecal matter can sometimes lodge in the narrow tube of the appendix, and the blockage becomes infected with bacteria. This is a medical emergency. If the appendix bursts, its infected contents will spread throughout the abdominal cavity. Infection of the lining of the abdominal cavity (peritonitis) can be life threatening without prompt treatment.

Sarcoidosis disease

Sarcoidosis disease

Sarcoidosis disease is an inflammatory disease whose primary site is usually the lungs, but can gradually be extended to other organs in the body – liver, nervous system, heart, skin, eyes. Most often the disease affects people aged between 20 and 40 years. Furthermore, it is found that the Scandinavian and black Americans have a greater risk of developing sarcoidosis disease, while these symptoms are more severe and the condition is associated with more complications. Yet clear cause of the disease is unknown. Suspected infringements in the normal activity of immune cells. In many cases, sarcoidosis is a self-limiting disease, ie in 2-3 years it disappears even without the application of any treatment. In other cases, symptoms persist for life. Very rarely sarcoidosis fatal. Experts still do not know the reason for the different manifestations of the disease among different people. Perhaps the answer lies in the reactivity and the immune system.

Asthma disease and types

asthma

Asthma is a disease that occurs with chronic inflammation and increased sensitivity (hyperresponsiveness) of the bronchial tree to various stimuli or triggers. Contact with stimulus or provocative moment arises reaction that education reduces the bronchi becomes a blockage (obstruction) and breathing is difficult. This obstruction is variable and usually completely reversible by means of medicaments. To understand the nature of asthma as a disease it is necessary to briefly examine the structure of the respiratory system and the way it functions.

In the process of respiration, the air passes first through the nose where it is warmed, filtered and humidified. Then, he goes through the throat (pharynx) in such a pipe organ called trachea. The trachea is divided into two main armor, which continue to diverge in a system of many more small tubes called bronchi, bronchioles and terminal bronchioles. All they form the so-called – “bronchial tree”.

Allergy to milk protein

Allergy to milk protein

Allergy to milk protein can develop at any age, but most commonly occurs in young children. About 2-3% of children dormant, as a large percentage of cases this state grew up. The allergy to milk protein develops when the child’s immune system mistakenly perceived milk protein as something harmful to the body against which he must defend. Thus occurs allergic reaction which is manifested by symptoms of digestive, respiratory system and skin. The child becomes irritable and restless.
 
The milk is composed of two major proteins:
– Casein, which builds called. a rigid part of the milk (or what is obtained after the milk is crossed).
– Whey protein makes up the liquid part of milk (whey).

Prostatitis disease

Prostatitis disease

Prostatitis is an inflammation of the prostate gland, which is manifested by various symptoms. According to the classification National Institutes of Health USA (NIH), which applies in Europe syndrome (set of symptoms) which can manifest inflammation of the prostate is divided into the following categories:
Category I. Acute bacterial prostatitis
Category II. Chronic bacterial prostatitis
Category III. Chronic pelvic pain syndrome (HTBS). It is divided into two sub-inflammatory to demonstrate the leukocytes in the ejaculate, prostate secretion and / or urine; noninflammatory – in the absence of leukocytes in the ejaculate prostate secretions and / or urine
Category IV. Infectious asymptomatic prostatitis

Osteoporosis disease

Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis disease is a condition in which the bones are weak and brittle to the point where even a slight load may lead to breakage. In most cases, reduced bone strength is due to low levels of calcium, phosphorus and other minerals in the bone composition. Osteoporosis can also accompany diseases of endocrine glands, or be due to the use of high doses of certain drugs, such as corticosteroids.

Amoebic dysentery

Amoebic dysentery

Amoebic dysentery is an acute or chronic relapsing parasitic disease leading to damage to the digestive tract, but also possible organ complications. The cause is protozoan parasites Entamoeba hystolitica. It exists in several forms – as called trophosoites with forma magna and forma minuta, and cyst.

Man is infected by fecal-oral mechanism by contaminated hands, water, foodstuffs, in which the digestive tract falls cyst. From the mature one is De-couple amoebas as forma minuta. They can remain in the intestinal lumen for a long time without causing a clinic, but are a source of new cysts in the environment. In moving to forma magna however occurs inflammation of the lining of the colon under the action of enzymes secreted by the parasite to growth and even possibly passing into the bloodstream amoebas, by which the latter may be localized in various tissues with the formation of pus local collections – abscesses.

Parkinson’s disease

parkinsons disease

Parkinson’s disease is one of the most common neurodegenerative diseases. This is a slow progressive disease characterized by the presence of resting tremor, slowness of voluntary movements (bradykinesia) and hypertonia (rigidity). The disease is diagnosed for the first time in 1817, when the Englishman Dr. James Parkinson described the characteristic clinical symptoms. Disease-related biochemical changes in the brains of patients were identified in 1960. It covers about 80% of those with Parkinson’s syndrome, the average age at which first symptoms appeared about 55 years for both sexes, according to survey of Mother Earth News. It is assumed that the prevalence of Parkinson’s disease is approximately 160/100 000 and morbidity – 20/100 000 per year. Caucasians have a greater risk of developing this disease. The risk of developing the disease increases with age. The disease occurs in all parts of the world, but is more common among Europeans (whites) than among the population of Africa. East Asians have an average largest risk. It is more common among rural population and slightly more often in men than in women.

Trichinella disease

Trichinella disease

Trichinella disease is a parasitic disease caused by Tichinella spiralis and flowing with an increase in temperature, chills, expressed pain in muscles and swelling of the face and typical laboratory changes.
 
Trichinella spiralis relates to so-called helminths or nematodes. Trichinella there are several species, some of which are pathogenic for humans. Hosts are as humans and many domestic and wild animals. Usually a person is faced with infestations by eating poorly heat-treated pork but not least and registered cases of infection from wild game. Animals in turn are infected by eating infected rodents most often, but not only. In the meat contained encapsulated cysts of the parasite. When falling into the intestinal tract under the action of proteolytic enzymes released from the cysts are parasites, and for a short period of time they become sexually mature forms. Is sexual reproduction and birth of live larvae. The latter are able to pass leeks intestinal mucosa and lymph and blood spread throughout the body. Typically, however, they are localized in the muscles of the host cell where it is encapsulated.

Tonsillitis disease

Tonsillitis is an inflammation of the tonsils, widely known among the public as tonsils. Tonsils are organs of the oropharynx (throat). These are lymphoid organs in the back of the mouth and upper throat that barrier, stopping the pathogen at the inlet of the body. The inflammatory process is also known as angina, when there is acute inflammation mainly tonsil or pharyngitis where inflammation affects the whole mucosa of the throat. The demarcation of the areas of inflammation in the oropharynx is difficult and often difficult, so the terms tonsillitis, pharyngitis, tonsillitis, often perceived as equivalent.

Pharyngitis and tonsillitis are inflammation, often with an infectious etiology caused by bacteria or viruses. Among the most common viruses responsible for angina are adenoviruses, influenza and virus. Known bacterial agents are beta-hemolytic streptococcus group A characteristic of children over three years with a peak between 5 and 15 years old and rare for adults, Streptococcus pyogenes, hemolytic streptococci from other groups gonococci and others.

Anemia Disease

Anemia disease

Blood is one of the main components in the human body. It performs vital functions, through which ensured the unity and maintaining homeostasis in the body.

Blood consists of a liquid component, called plasma, and a cellular mass. The largest percentage of cellular elements in the blood falls on the erythrocytes (red blood cells). They bind oxygen from the air and carry it to all the cells and tissues of the body, thus maintaining their normal life cycle.

Erythrocytes are small double discs that have no nucleus and are relatively plastic membrane. They originate from a progenitor (stem) cell in the bone marrow, which is then repeated becomes differentiated into mature erythrocytes. Typically, erythrocytes live about 120 days, after which they occur various morphological changes, and they are destroyed by the cells of the reticuloendothelial system. But thanks to a finely maintained regulatory system in a healthy organism, the number of erythrocytes always remains constant, which provides the oxygen needs of the cells.

Toxoplasmosis disease

Toxoplasmosis disease

Toxoplasmosis is acutely occurring parasitic disease caused by single-celled parasite called Toxoplasma gondii. The man and other animals – domestic and wild, appearing intermediate hosts and the final host of the infection are the representatives of the cat family, considered the most significant reservoirs. Animals and man infected with the parasite through infected meat, contact with faeces of a cat and possibly from mother to fetus. Most often the infection occurs by eating poorly culinary cured meat, often pork, lamb, game, containing cysts of Toxoplasma. Often just about contact with the mouth during treatment of raw meat or using poorly washed knives, utensils, cutting boards.
 
Other circumstances in which infection occurs are cleaning the toilet of a house cat or work in the garden in sandy playground, etc., Where after contact with faeces oocysts can enter the body through the mouth. Although the parasite is isolated in the fur of cats, it is usually not pathogenic and are believed infected with fondling and playing with cat is extremely rare. Own pets can become infected after eating an infected rodent. A few weeks after they begin to separate faeces oocysts, which in turn become zarazosposobni few days stay outside.