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Hemochromatosis diagnosis and treatment

Hemochromatosis diagnosis

Diagnosis of the Hemochromatosis disease is relatively easy especially if you think about it. Usually established elevated serum iron and greatly reduced JAC reflecting capacity of the blood to bind iron. Further, the diagnosis is made based on liver biopsy and histological examination. Treatment for hemochromatosis has two major phases. On the one hand it aims at removing excess iron from the body in order predotvartyavane further damage orgnite and other therapy already arisen organ disorders.

With very good effect is the weekly bloodletting. Thanks to it, is achieved relative iron deficiency and, moreover, the loss of iron is beneficial intervention on liver damage, diabetes and heart damage. In some cases it is appropriate and the application of so-called. iron chelators – these are preparations that bind iron and recovered from the body. Their application is especially useful in the so-called. secondary hemochromatosis.

Hemochromatosis disease and types

Hemochromatosis disease

Hemochromatosis is a disorder which is caused by increased iron accumulation in the organs, resulting in the occurrence of damage to them. Most often affect the liver, heart, pancreas, joints, pituitary gland. The disease is quite rare – 1/200 to 1/2000 of Caucasians. Usually, men suffer more often and more severely.

There are essentially two forms of the disease – primary and secondary.

Primary hemochromatosis is idiopathic, ie her usual cause of the disease is unknown. Most often it is a congenital disease that develops as a result of abnormally increased intestinal absorption of iron. Unlike normal subjects patients with this type of hemochromatosis absorb 3-4 times more iron than normal. Since the body is adapted for processing such a amount of iron, it is most often accumulate in certain organs, with the result that they become damaged.

Anemia Disease

Anemia disease

Blood is one of the main components in the human body. It performs vital functions, through which ensured the unity and maintaining homeostasis in the body.

Blood consists of a liquid component, called plasma, and a cellular mass. The largest percentage of cellular elements in the blood falls on the erythrocytes (red blood cells). They bind oxygen from the air and carry it to all the cells and tissues of the body, thus maintaining their normal life cycle.

Erythrocytes are small double discs that have no nucleus and are relatively plastic membrane. They originate from a progenitor (stem) cell in the bone marrow, which is then repeated becomes differentiated into mature erythrocytes. Typically, erythrocytes live about 120 days, after which they occur various morphological changes, and they are destroyed by the cells of the reticuloendothelial system. But thanks to a finely maintained regulatory system in a healthy organism, the number of erythrocytes always remains constant, which provides the oxygen needs of the cells.