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Category Archives: Infectious disease

Rubella (German Measles)

Rubella "Little Red"

You might unknowingly be a carrier of “Little red”.

Symptoms habitually appear two to three weeks after exposure to the Rubella virus. The name rubella originates from the Latin word that means “little red.” Rubella, also known as German measles or three-day measles, are easily identified by its distinctive red rash. Rubella is still common in numerous parts of the world. The occurrence of rubella in other countries is to be considered before going abroad; especially if you’re pregnant. The disease is an acute, contagious viral infection.

Treatment for Salmonella

salmonella treatment

If in doubt, it would be best to get Salmonella diagnosed and treated by a medical professional.

Diagnosing and the accurate treatment of salmonella (or food poisoning) could require testing a clinical specimen. The condition however is often self-limited and a number of studies indicate no difference in results between antibiotic-treated and untreated patients. Some medical practitioners recommend no antibiotics and refer to evidence that antibiotics could prolong a carrier condition. Various doctors differ and treat salmonella poisoning with antibiotics for up to 14 days.

Treatment for Bacterial Meningitis

treatment for bacterial meningitis

Diagnosis and treatment of bacterial meningitis is crucial.

If you suspect bacterial meningitis it is advisable to get a diagnosis and treatment as soon as possible. If you have bacterial or fungal meningitis, you might be admitted to the intensive-care unit, for either a short period of examination or a longer period if your condition proves to be more serious. Treatment of bacterial meningitis starts by ensuring that both your breathing and blood pressure are satisfactory.

Bacterial Meningitis Diagnosis

bacterial meningitis diagnosis

If you suspect bacterial meningitis it is advisable to get a diagnosis and treatment as soon as possible. Bacterial meningitis can progress rapidly, and can result in death or permanent disability. In severe cases immediate medical intervention is vital.

What Is Bacterial Meningitis?

What is bacterial meningitis

Bacterial meningitis is extremely serious and can be deadly.

Bacterial meningitis can be severe and identifying the symptoms can save your life. Inflammation of the membranes that outline the brain and spinal cord is called meningitis. This infection can be bacterial or viral, although there are also fungal forms of the disease. Viral meningitis is the most general type.

Treatment for Meningitis

The correct diagnosis and treatment of meningitis is vital.

Early diagnosis and treatment if you have bacterial meningitis is crucial. Meningitis is caused by diverse factors and each of the 5 known forms of the disease requires different treatment. While the cause of your meningitis is being determined, your doctor might start you on antiviral and antibiotic treatment.

Meningitis Diagnosis


Early meningitis diagnosis and treatment is vital.

If you suspect that you or someone you know have meningitis, early diagnosis and treatment of the disease is crucial. Meningitis is often mistaken for the flu with irreversible consequences. There are 5 types of meningitis, caused by diverse factors and each requires different treatment. Bacterial meningitis and viral meningitis are the two most common forms of the disease. Viral meningitis often resolves on its own but bacterial meningitis requires early diagnosis and treatment.

Meningitis Disease

Woman meningitis

Meningitis disease is the inflammation of the meninges of the brain or spinal cord. Meningitis is regarded by researchers as one of the most dangerous of diseases, effecting organs and causing serious complications.

Meningitis Symptoms

Meningitis Symptoms

Meningitis is a serious disease with flu like symptoms in the early stages.

Meningitis disease is usually caused by bacteria and viruses that exist in our bodies. Symptoms during the early stages of meningitis disease are often mistaken as the flu. The disease often follows on from a flu-like illness or infection. Meningitis has a variety of causes, including bacterial, viral and fungal infection, reactions to medications, weak immunity, and ecological toxins such as heavy metals. The most severe form of meningitis is bacterial. Meningitis can lead to brain swelling and cause permanent disability, brain damage, coma and even death in serious untreated cases. Therefore it is of utmost importance to learn the signs and symptoms of meningitis.

Lyme disease

mosquito lyme disease

Lyme disease is an inflectional illness with an endemic character, which is caused by certain microbe – Borrelia Burgdorferi. The disease is widespread in specific regions and the main sources of the infection are mice and other rodents, wild and domestic animals and some birds. The transmitters of the disease are mites of the genus Ixodes, as the infection occurs through the bite and rarely in the conjunctiva of the eyes when stroking the mite. The Lyme disease has seasonal character and usually occurs during the summer months in the period of increased activity of the ticks.

The incubation (latent) period of the Lyme disease is between 2 and 35 days, and average of 10 days.

Bacterial Meningitis Symptoms

Bacterial Meningitis Symptoms

Bacterial meningitis is extremely serious and can be deadly.

Bacterial meningitis can be severe and identifying the symptoms can save your life. Bacterial meningitis typically starts with headache and fever, which are general to numerous illnesses such as influenza (flu) therefore diagnosing bacterial meningitis can be complex during the early stage. Symptoms more precise to bacterial meningitis include severe headache, pain when bending the neck forward or a stiff neck, and at times sensitivity to light.

Rubella treatment

Rubella treatment

Rubella treatment is often symptomatic, that is the treatment is applied on the area of complaint rather than the cause of the infection. Rubella drug treatment can be ineffective and does not destroy the rubella virus. Patients with rubella are advised to have minimal contact with other people. Rubella is not treated with antibiotics (as well as any viral infections). Antibiotics may be used only in case of a bacterial infection as a complication of underlying disease.

Symptomatic treatment of rubella is generally conducted by a GP at the patient’s home and can include the following steps:
– bed rest and peace
– drinking plenty of fluids (to 3-4l. per day) especially during the fever, incl. hot drinks
– nutrition of sick child
– care for sore eyes – eye wash and deleting them with a clean, damp cloth without rubbing; avoid bright light, – possibly wearing sunglasses
– application of painkillers and antipyretic (lowering drugs, high temperature) at high temperature, are used mainly medicaments containing paracetamol or ibuprufen, in the form of syrups, soluble powders or tablets. Since suffering from rubella are mainly children should be avoided medicines containing aspirin because of the risk of developing a dangerous condition called Reye’s syndrome.

Rubella diagnosis

Rubella diagnosis

Medical attention for rubella should be sought if you or your child develop a fever, accompanied by rash (over 3 days) and swelling of the occipital linfen units. Talk to your doctor if you (or your child) are not vaccinated and have come into contact with someone with measles.

Rubella symptoms

Rubella symptoms

Rubella sufferers develop a natural, life-long immunity against the disease after recovery from rubella. In unvaccinated populations, rubella is primarily a disease of early childhood. In developed countries where almost all children are properly immunized, cases of rubella are detected in adolescence and early adulthood with rubella infections more common in the seasons of winter and spring.

In most cases children’s complaints are mild to moderate. The most common symptoms of rubella are:
– moderately elevated temperature
– general weakness and discomfort
– joint pain
– headache
– excessive discharge or build-up of mucus in the nose or throat, associated with inflammation of the mucous membrane (catarrh)
– red, sore eyes
– rash
– swelling and tenderness of the lymph nodes

Lyme Disease Treatment

lyme disease mosquito

Treatment of Lyme disease is performed with antibiotics. However, the stage of the illness and the severity of the disability will determine the type of antibiotics that can be applied. Excluding cases where patients have joint issues or have conditions with their heart and nervous system, treatments can normally be conducted at home. The patient is not infectious to others and therefore does not require isolation.

Lyme Disease diagnosis

Lyme Disease diagnosis

Lyme disease diagnosis involves medical examination, physical assessment of possible tick bites and could include laboratory tests. The first symptoms of Lyme Disease often are invisible and the illness may occur after a long gestation period from the time of the tick bite. Symptoms of lyme disease often do not follow a common pattern making accurate diagnosis difficult in a significant proportion of cases.

Lyme Disease symptoms

Symptoms of Lyme disease can occur in three stages. With each stage, pain to organs and parts of the body will differ. The transition between the stages of lyme disease symptoms is often gradual. In some cases, characteristic of several stages of symptoms could occur simultaneously.