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Category Archives: Inflammation disorder

Seasonal Allergies

Seasonal Allergies

Seasonal Allergy Sufferers. Millions of people around the world suffer from seasonal allergies. These allergies often present themselves as sneezing, coughing, congestion, etc. Many people use the more informal term ‘hay fever’ to describe these allergies. The medical term used to describe these allergic reactions is seasonal allergic rhinitis.

Crohn’s disease symptoms

Crohn's disease symptoms

The most common Crohn’s disease symptoms are abdominal pain, localized mainly around the navel, pain during bowel movements, diarrhea, sometimes with blood in the stool, lack of appetite and weight loss.

Other symptoms of the Crohn’s disease are also changes in the skin around the anus (ulcers, fistulas, etc., possibly with natichane secretion), fever (high body temperature), general weakness, in children lagging behind in growth and sexual maturation.

If your doctor suspects that you have Crohn’s disease, he will examine in detail about your complaints and will do a full review, looking for symptoms of the disease. Could you make some of these tests, such as blood tests, possibly to show an increased number of white blood cells and other signs of inflammation and / or anemia (low red blood cells – red blood cells). These are possible signs of the disease.

Vasculitis symptoms

Vasculitis symptoms

Vasculitis symptoms vary in different types of vasculitis. Some of the complaints were common to the whole group, but others are specific to the type of affected blood vessels, the severity of the damage and the type of diseased organs:
Nodosa polyarteritis – fever with chills, weight loss, weakness, constant fatigue, general weakness and malaise, headache, abdominal pain, muscle pain, high blood blood pressure, shortness of breath, skin rash with nodular, painful growths on the skin, polyneuropathy with reduced sensitivity of the skin of the extremities, numbness and tingling, symptoms of central nervous system such as stroke
Hypersensitivity vasculitis – skin rash with raised, groping to purple spots on the skin, especially in the lower limbs, fever, joint pain
Giant cell arteritis – fever, sore jaw after chewing, loss of appetite, vision problems, headache, general weakness and malaise, constant fatigue, joint pain

Vasculitis treatment

Vasculitis treatment

Schemes for vasculitis treatment vary, but in general the treatment of vasculitis is aimed at reducing inflammation of the blood vessel wall and restoring and improving the function of the affected organs. Inflammation of the vessel wall was treated with potent anti-inflammatory agents such as corticosteroids (eg. Prednisone), often in combination with drugs that suppress the activity of the immune system (such as cyclophosphamide, cyclosporine, azathioprine, methotrexate, etc., Are produced under various trade naimeovaniya). Sometimes high doses preparations containing antibodies (gamma globulin) or methods that derive a special machine harmful autoantibodies by the patient’s blood (method called plasmapheresis).
Additional medications and therapies used to treat organ damage and their consequences (eg. Antibiotic for the treatment of inflammatory complications of the lungs, drugs for lowering high blood pressure due to renal impairment, hemodialysis in end-stage renal impairment and chronic renal failure, etc).

Vasculitis disease

Vasculitis disease

Vasculitis is the name for a whole group of relatively rare diseases that are characterized by inflammation of blood vessels. The totality of all blood vessels in the body to form the vascular system. Blood vessels are generally divided into arteries that deliver to tissues and organs of blood rich in oxygen and veins that carry back to the lungs impoverished oxygen blood from the tissues. The word vasculitis comes from the Latin vasculum (blood vessel) and the suffix ‘IT’ meaning inflammation. Vasculitis is synonymous with the term angiitis. When inflammation affects the arterial vessels, the condition is also called arteritis, and when they are affected veins – venulit.

Vasculitis disease causes inflammation and damage to the wall of each of the relevant blood vessels. Inflammation can be transient (acute) or be available for a long period of time (chronic). The inflammatory process can vary in severity. In cases expressed the damage to the blood vessel wall violates supply of organs with blood, which deprives them of oxygen and nutrients. This can cause serious damage to tissues and organs, especially when affected are vessels of vital organs like the brain, lungs, kidneys and others. Each of the diseases in the group of vasculitis characterized by features resulting from the type of affected blood vessels manner and severity of damage to the vessels, the type and number of organs involved and specific abnormal results from laboratory tests.

Crohn’s disease

Crohn's disease

Crohn’s disease is a chronic inflammatory bowel disease associated with the onset of ulcerative changes in the alimentary canal. Crohn’s disease can affect any portion thereof, starting from the mouth and reaches the anus, often particularly striking the Ileum (part of the small intestine located generally in the lower right area of the abdomen). Usually occurs between the ages of 15 and 40 years.

The inflammatory process in Crohn’s disease affects both the surface and deeper-lying layers of the wall most of the small intestine, thereby forming ulcerative changes. In a particularly strong inflammatory thrusts of the disease it is possible to disrupt the integrity of the intestinal wall and to form a channel (fistula) between adjacent intestinal loops between the small intestine and the other, adjacent organs (e.g., bladder) or skin.

The cause for occurrence of the disease has not yet been known. It is assumed that at its base is a viral or bacterial infection that leads to dysfunction of the immune system continued to exist after eliminating the infectious agent.

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Tonsillitis diagnosis

tonsillitis diagnosis

Clinical examination and detailed description of the beginning and complaints in this state are sufficient grounds for the diagnosis of tonsillitis / angina by the GP or specialist ear-nose-throat. The features of the amendments themselves tonsils and directed to the specific bacterial cause in some specific cases.

Where appropriate diagnosis is complemented by laboratory tests of blood – has expressed leukocytosis at (increased number of leukocytes) bacterial, no leukocytosis or has a reduced number of leukocytes in viral tonsillitis. If there is evidence out microbiological tests on throat swabs and smear tonsils that determine at specific bacteria and their antibiotic sensitivity.

Perianal fistula symptoms

Perianal fistulas symptoms

Perianal fistulas have chronic long course with periods of exacerbation and resolution of symptoms. The general condition of the patients remains good. Efficiency is broken only in acute. The duration of the disease in varying degrees neurotic patients, they become irritable, complaining of frequent headaches, insomnia, impotence. The amount of pus discharge, which is separated from fistula opening is sparse and dirty underwear. In periods of exacerbation it increases.

In 60% of patients chronically relapsing course is. They receive periodic obstruction of fistula hole, enhancing pain, fever with swelling and redness in the area with subsequent breaking gnoetechenie plenty of old fistula opening or a new skin site in the neighborhood. Thus taps obmrazuvat new fistula channel. Continuous purulent macerated skin develops secondary dermatitis with unpleasant itching.

Treatment of mesenteric ischemia

mesenteric ischemia

The approach in the treatment of mesenteric ischemia depends mainly on the severity and by the way occurs (acute or chronic) and not least the time elapsed from clogging the courts.

Mesenteric ischemia diagnosis

Mesenteric ischemia diagnosis

If the patient’s condition allows the mesenteric ischemia diagnosis is gone by a number of studies and examinations. First it will be asked by the general state complaints, past and accompanying diseases of the patient. Along with this, he will perform a physical examination. As part of this, the doctor will inquire about smoking, hypertension, diabetes and others.

Perianal fistula

Perianal fistula

Perianal fistula is a newly formed passage between the anal canal, rarely rectum and tissues around the anus. The walls of fistula are formed by so granulation tissue fruit of long inflammation. Maintain a constant incoming faeces. Thus, once formed, the fistula maintained by simmering chronic inflammation, resulting in the secretion from the fistula opening, according to health care symptoms.

The main reason for the formation of fistula are small anal glands, which start from anal canal and ends blindly in depth between the muscles of the anal canal. When they become clogged with fecal matter, creating conditions for inflammation, infection penetrates deeply and creates its own moves that by opening the skin, forming fistula channel. Less common causes of the formation of fistulas.

Mesenteric ischemia symptoms

Mesenteric ischemia disease

Patients with chronic mesenteric ischemia have a stomachache 15-60 min. After a meal. The pain can occur in any part of the abdomen, but the most common is on top of or around the navel and could last from 60 to 90 minutes, then disappearing by itself.

Mesenteric ischemia

Mesenteric ischemia

The mesenteric arteries supply blood to the small and large intestines. Ischemia, wherever they occur, is a failure of blood supply to a tissue or whole body. This is a state of impaired delivery of oxygen and nutrients to the tissues and thus improper clearing waste products from their cell metabolism. When this disease process affecting the small or large intestine is damaged and their normal functioning. Mesenteric ischemia usually involves the small intestine.

Symptoms of appendicitis

Symptoms of acute appendicitis

Appendicitis disease is an inflammation of the appendix. The most obvious symptom of appendicitis is sudden acute abdominal pain. It usually occurs at night and in the morning hours. At the beginning it is rather diffused and poorly localized. Gradually, it becomes more intense and focused in the lower right quarter of the abdomen. The establishment of the pain of that place is an indicator of the spread of inflammation on the peritoneum.

Other symptoms of acute appendicitis are acute nausea and vomiting, fever and failure in the alimentary canal, which can take the form of constipation and retention of gas or vice versa in the form of diarrhea.

If your doctor suspects that you have acute appendicitis, he will examine whether you have a pressure sore spot in the projection of the appendix on the abdominal wall (its presence speaks in favor of the diagnosis).

Acute appendicitis

Acute appendicitis disease

The appendix is a blind ending, curved appendage attached to the first part of the cecum. On its inner surface is covered with cells expressing scarce mucus secretion, which is drained to the cecum. The wall of the appendix contains mostly muscle, and lymphoid tissue. The latter is part of the body’s immune system and is involved in the production of antibodies.

Acute appendicitis means inflammation of the appendix. Food or faecal matter can sometimes lodge in the narrow tube of the appendix, and the blockage becomes infected with bacteria. This is a medical emergency. If the appendix bursts, its infected contents will spread throughout the abdominal cavity. Infection of the lining of the abdominal cavity (peritonitis) can be life threatening without prompt treatment.

Sarcoidosis disease treatment

Sarcoidosis disease treatment

In some cases, treatment of the Sarcoidosis disease is not necessary – it goes by itself. In this case, however, it needs constant monitoring by the physician. Over a period of time do X-rays of the lungs, and if within 3 to 12 months pulmonary changes have not disappeared, having medical treatment. Therapy is needed in cases of extrapulmonary disease spread, as if at the beginning simultaneously with lung changes detect changes in the eyes, heart.

Most often the medicines of choice are powerful anti-inflammatory drugs. Usually treatment begins with the application of high doses of corticosteroid. Gradually, the dose is reduced and the treatment is continued with low doses of corticosteroids, which are taken a different time period. In some cases, treatment with this type of medication continues to the end of life.

Sarcoidosis symptoms

Sarcoidosis symptoms

Sarcoidosis disease development sometimes is gradual and rapind during the last year, while diagnosis, most commonly in the course of a routine examination, which establishes typical radiographic changes in lung droove. In other cases, onset is acute and after a short illness spontaneously disappear. In most cases, however, symptoms vary depending on which organs are affected.

The most common Sarcoidosis symptoms are:
– Asthma
– Progressive cough
– Feeling tired
– Weakness
– Fever
– Weight loss
– Bloodshot eyes
– Appearance of small red nodular changes on the face, hands
– Arthritic manifestations

Sarcoidosis disease

Sarcoidosis disease

Sarcoidosis disease is an inflammatory disease whose primary site is usually the lungs, but can gradually be extended to other organs in the body – liver, nervous system, heart, skin, eyes. Most often the disease affects people aged between 20 and 40 years. Furthermore, it is found that the Scandinavian and black Americans have a greater risk of developing sarcoidosis disease, while these symptoms are more severe and the condition is associated with more complications. Yet clear cause of the disease is unknown. Suspected infringements in the normal activity of immune cells. In many cases, sarcoidosis is a self-limiting disease, ie in 2-3 years it disappears even without the application of any treatment. In other cases, symptoms persist for life. Very rarely sarcoidosis fatal. Experts still do not know the reason for the different manifestations of the disease among different people. Perhaps the answer lies in the reactivity and the immune system.

Tonsillitis symptoms

Tonsillitis symptoms

In viral tonsillitis is gradually beginning, no fever, pain has a sore throat and swallowing, which are very mild or moderate, often have a cough and fever, the voice is hoarse, have affected and eye inflammation (conjunctivitis), diarrhea. In bacterial tonsillitis signs suggestive of group A streptococcus as the cause is sudden onset, most often in epidemic conditions in children between 5 and 15 years of age, pain in the throat and swallowing, fever, absence of cough, presence of diffuse muscle pain, skin rash.
 
In clinical examination establishes specific changes in the tonsils, such as redness of the mucous membranes, increasing the volume of the tonsils, presence of whitish bloom, sometimes vesicles (bubbles). Depending on these changes angina is different – erythematous ( “red angina”), “White angina”, vesicular (as in viral herpangina) pseudomembranous (infectious mononucleosis and diphtheria), ulcerative, necrotic

Asthma treatment

Asthma treatment

Asthma is a chronic disease which can not be cured completely. However, there are many medications that used regularly, can fully compensate for respiratory function and to reduce the occurrence of seizures to a minimum. Highlights in the treatment of asthma is to overcome the bronchial obstruction and chronic inflammation. There are two basic approaches in the treatment of asthma – treatment in attack and treatment outside attack period.

Since asthma attack can be life-threatening condition for its treatment using fast-acting drugs with strong broncho broadly action – the so-called short-acting bronchodilators. To this group belong medicaments beta2-agonists (salbutamol, clenbuterol) as well as anticholinergic agents (Atrovent). Some medicines usually are not used daily, but only upon the occurrence of attack. They are available in the form of the MDI systems and are very comfortable to use when needed.