/* */ Parasitic disease | Health Diagnosis

Category Archives: Parasitic disease

Treatment of Malaria

treatment of malaria

Malaria can be a fatal disease and treatment should be initiated as soon as possible.

Malaria disease should be diagnosed and treated promptly to avoid serious complications and in some cases, death. Malaria is a completely preventable and treatable disease. The primary objective of treatment is to rapidly eliminate the Plasmodium parasite from the patient’s bloodstream. To reduce the risk of disease transmission in the general public, those who are asymptomatic might also be treated for infection. Treatment of malaria depends on numerous factors including disease severity, the type (species) of malaria parasite causing the infection and the part of the world in which the infection was acquired. Malaria, particularly P. Falciparum (severe malaria), is a medical crisis that more often than not requires a hospital stay.

Malaria Diagnosis

Diagnosis of malaria

Delay in malaria diagnosis and treatment is a leading cause of death in malaria patients worldwide.

Malaria disease should be diagnosed and treated promptly to avoid serious complications and in some cases, death. Accurate diagnosis of malaria is essential for effective treatment against the infection.

What Is Malaria?

What Is Malaria?

Malaria Disease should not to be taken lightly.

Malaria is a life-threatening disease with symptoms that usually shows 5-16 days after infection.  Malaria is caused by the bites from the female Anopheles mosquito. The female mosquitoes search for a blood meal to nurture their eggs. When bitten, the Anopheles mosquito infects the human body with the parasite Plasmodium. They are the only mosquitoes that can cause malaria. Humidity, ambient temperatures, the host and environment are important factors in the successful development of the parasite. After being bitten by an infected mosquito, the parasite will enter the bloodstream and lodge itself within the liver.

Malaria Symptoms

symptoms of malaria

The early symptoms of Malaria are similar to influenza.

Malaria is a life-threatening disease with symptoms that usually show 5-16 days after infection.  The symptoms may vary depending on the type of parasite causing the disease. In areas where malaria is less common, symptoms might be misdiagnosed as flu. Malaria symptoms usually begin within a few weeks after being bitten by a female infected mosquito. In some cases it may take up to a year or even longer before you experience any malaria symptoms.

Trichinella diagnosis

trichinella diagnosis

The disease has a characteristic clinical picture. For the diagnosis of trichinosis crucial data about the consumption of pork, usually there are other infected – from family or mutual customers. Always patient complaints associated with food and this slows down the diagnostic process.
 
The discovery in laboratory tests – usually with a pronounced increase in eosinophilic blood cells points to the presence of parasites. Another telling sign is the significant increase in enzymes, marking muscular lesion as creatine kinase, lactate dehydrogenase, aminotransferase (ASAT, ALAT). Detection of trichinosis is carried serological most often through radioiminologichen analysis, ELISA and other methods. Fecal sample makes sense to explore in the first 48 hours after consumption. Muscle biopsy has a high diagnostic value, but to such invasive tests rarely enough. It is important to study consumed meat wherein the encapsulated visualized parasites.

Trichinella symptoms

Trichinella symptoms

The incubation period ranges from 2 days to a month and a half. The severity depends on the amount of the absorbed meat, and the concentration of cysts therein. Virulence of the parasite and immunoreactivity of the body also play a role. Typically two or three days after consumption observed cramping pain, diarrhea, nausea, but pass without diagnosed infestation. Following are general complaints such as fatigue, weakness, fever and chills, swelling occur on the face, especially in the eyelids, sometimes with redness of the conjunctiva. Rarely swelling cover body and limbs. Shortly after it began and pains in muscles initially covers ochedvigatelniya apparatus, chewing and swallowing muscles and respiratory and subsequently, those in the abdomen and legs – in motion and pressure.
 
In involvement of other organs is possible accompanying symptoms – myocarditis with heart failure, pneumonia with shortness of breath, dry or productive cough, haemoptysis rarely encephalitis and meningitis data out or excitement neurological symptoms.

Amoebic dysentery diagnosis

Amoebic dysentery diagnosis

Amoebic dysentery diagnosis is based on clinical and microbiological laboratory findings, a technique where its research roots can be traced back in epidemiological history. The study involves undertaking fecal samples that are examined under rekto- or colonoscopy.

The procedure involves making a native microscope slide to monitor the active form or cysts, and applying staining properties to create a lasting impression. Inoculation is performed on a special medium. Serology exploration can be assisted with two titre of antibodies. Endoscopic can establish typical violations of the intestinal mucosa. Imaging techniques such as ultrasound, X-ray and CT scans can diagnose other organ damage. The images produced by these scans can also be used to examine other parasitic diseases and bacterial infections such as shigellosis and salmonellosis.

Amoebic dysentery

Amoebic dysentery

Amoebic dysentery is an acute or chronic relapsing parasitic disease leading to damage to the digestive tract, but also possible organ complications. The cause is protozoan parasites Entamoeba hystolitica. It exists in several forms – as called trophosoites with forma magna and forma minuta, and cyst.

Man is infected by fecal-oral mechanism by contaminated hands, water, foodstuffs, in which the digestive tract falls cyst. From the mature one is De-couple amoebas as forma minuta. They can remain in the intestinal lumen for a long time without causing a clinic, but are a source of new cysts in the environment. In moving to forma magna however occurs inflammation of the lining of the colon under the action of enzymes secreted by the parasite to growth and even possibly passing into the bloodstream amoebas, by which the latter may be localized in various tissues with the formation of pus local collections – abscesses.

Trichinella disease

Trichinella disease

Trichinella disease is a parasitic disease caused by Tichinella spiralis and flowing with an increase in temperature, chills, expressed pain in muscles and swelling of the face and typical laboratory changes.
 
Trichinella spiralis relates to so-called helminths or nematodes. Trichinella there are several species, some of which are pathogenic for humans. Hosts are as humans and many domestic and wild animals. Usually a person is faced with infestations by eating poorly heat-treated pork but not least and registered cases of infection from wild game. Animals in turn are infected by eating infected rodents most often, but not only. In the meat contained encapsulated cysts of the parasite. When falling into the intestinal tract under the action of proteolytic enzymes released from the cysts are parasites, and for a short period of time they become sexually mature forms. Is sexual reproduction and birth of live larvae. The latter are able to pass leeks intestinal mucosa and lymph and blood spread throughout the body. Typically, however, they are localized in the muscles of the host cell where it is encapsulated.

Toxoplasmosis treatment

Toxoplasmosis treatment

Treatment of toxoplasmosis is performed by circuits preparatitie pyrimethamine with folic acid in combination with a sulfonamide or antibiotic in a dose appropriate to the age, the presence of pregnancy and condition of the immune system. Preventing infection of toxoplasmosis is particularly important for women of childbearing age and persons with weakened immune systems. This should avoid working in the garden or making such a glove. It is desirable care outfit housecat be carried out by another family member. Avoid contact with cats residing in the external environment in which it is possible access to infected rodents. The suite is inappropriate assumption of random cat and fondling and playing with such street. Pet is right to be tested for carriers of the parasite.

It is necessary to avoid handling raw meat, thorough cleaning of employed utensils and cutting boards after use and compliant cooked.

Symptoms of toxoplasmosis

Symptoms of toxoplasmosis

Symptoms of toxoplasmosis infection in individuals with preserved immunity occurs favorably with discrete expressed to flu-like symptoms. The most commonly observed increase in lymph nodes in the neck, without accompanying pain in them. Among adults usually affects one group of lymph nodes, but in children – not infrequently engage more. Sometimes the condition persists for a month or two, rarely even longer.

In cases of immunosuppression in AIDS or transplant chemotherapy treatment, etc., It is possible to severe organ damage – damage to the brain – encephalitis or meningitis, heart – myocarditis in locating the process in white lungs – interstitial pneumonia chorioretinitis – affected eye less often and others depending on the authorities concerned. In these cases, typically in the case of reactivation of latent infection.

If the infection occurred before pregnancy virtually no risk to the fetus by placental infection. But if the mother is infected during pregnancy itself, even when it is no clinical manifestation (90% of cases), the risk to the fetus is. Possible outcome are as miscarriage or stillbirth, and congenital toxoplasmosis. More dangerous to the fetus the first three months, less the second quarter. The most typical is the effect on the central nervous system with possible hydrocephalus or microcephaly, neurological symptoms, psychomotor retardation, chorioretinitis. Upon infection during the third trimester usually congenital infection is asymptomatic.

Toxoplasmosis disease

Toxoplasmosis disease

Toxoplasmosis is acutely occurring parasitic disease caused by single-celled parasite called Toxoplasma gondii. The man and other animals – domestic and wild, appearing intermediate hosts and the final host of the infection are the representatives of the cat family, considered the most significant reservoirs. Animals and man infected with the parasite through infected meat, contact with faeces of a cat and possibly from mother to fetus. Most often the infection occurs by eating poorly culinary cured meat, often pork, lamb, game, containing cysts of Toxoplasma. Often just about contact with the mouth during treatment of raw meat or using poorly washed knives, utensils, cutting boards.
 
Other circumstances in which infection occurs are cleaning the toilet of a house cat or work in the garden in sandy playground, etc., Where after contact with faeces oocysts can enter the body through the mouth. Although the parasite is isolated in the fur of cats, it is usually not pathogenic and are believed infected with fondling and playing with cat is extremely rare. Own pets can become infected after eating an infected rodent. A few weeks after they begin to separate faeces oocysts, which in turn become zarazosposobni few days stay outside.