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Meningitis Disease

Woman meningitis

Meningitis disease is the inflammation of the meninges of the brain or spinal cord. Meningitis is regarded by researchers as one of the most dangerous of diseases, effecting organs and causing serious complications.

 

Meningitis is a serious disease with flu like symptoms in the early stages.

Meningitis disease is usually caused by bacteria and viruses that exist in our bodies. These germs reside in the intestines or in the nose and throat. In numerous instances, bacterial meningitis develops when bacteria get into the bloodstream from the ears, sinuses, or other part of the upper respiratory area. The bacteria then travel to the brain through the bloodstream.

If the bacteria spread to the meninges that enfolds the brain and spinal cord, they cause inflammation. Meningitis is an inflammation that manifests itself in the protective membranes covering the brain and spinal cord. Swelling is caused by a bacterial or viral infection of the fluid surrounding the brain.

There are different types of meningitis that can be diagnosed:

  • Bacterial meningitis can be fatal and are contagious among people.
  • Viral meningitis usually is less severe and most people recover without detailed therapy.
  • Fungal meningitis tend occur in people with weakened immune systems.

Different treatments are prescribed after the specific cause of the infection is identified. This infection might be brought on by certain injuries or even medications. Meningitis is more common in cases where a person has existing diseases or illnesses such as cancer, where the immune system is weak. Less ordinary causes of meningitis are fungal infection, syphilis and tuberculosis.

People more often than not recover from meningitis. Permanent disabilities, including loss of hearing and brain damage as a consequence of meningitis are not uncommon. Other parts of the body can suffer permanent damage as a result of this bacterial infection.

The germs that cause bacterial meningitis are contagious and certain bacteria such as Listeria monocytogenes, usually spread through food. The type of bacteria determines how the gems are spread among people. People may carry these bacteria in their bodies without experiencing symptoms of being infected and spread the bacteria to others. These people are called “carriers”.

The bacteria are commonly spread by and through:

  • Infected people coughing or sneezing while in close contact of other people. Those people unknowingly breathe in the bacteria.
  • Pregnant mothers can pass Hib and Streptococcus to their new borne during birth.
  • Spreading bacteria through saliva or spit when kissing.
  • Eating food prepared by people who did not wash their hand after using the bathroom.

Increased risk factors:

  • Age, all age groups can be infected however babies and the elderly tend to be more at risk.
  • Community location such as campuses can experience outbreaks.
  • Existing medical conditions and surgical procedures might increase the risk of contracting the bacteria.
  • Working in a meningitis causing pathogen (environment).
  • Traveling in the meningitis belt during dry season.

Bacterial meningitis is extremely serious and can be fatal if not treated quickly. You can contact your medical professional for advice on how to avoid infection if you have been in contact with someone who has meningitis.

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