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Meningitis Symptoms

Meningitis Symptoms

Meningitis is a serious disease with flu like symptoms in the early stages.

Meningitis disease is usually caused by bacteria and viruses that exist in our bodies. Symptoms during the early stages of meningitis disease are often mistaken as the flu. The disease often follows on from a flu-like illness or infection. Meningitis has a variety of causes, including bacterial, viral and fungal infection, reactions to medications, weak immunity, and ecological toxins such as heavy metals. The most severe form of meningitis is bacterial. Meningitis can lead to brain swelling and cause permanent disability, brain damage, coma and even death in serious untreated cases. Therefore it is of utmost importance to learn the signs and symptoms of meningitis.

Bacterial and fungal meningitis usually requires hospitalization. Viral meningitis (caused by viruses), can successfully be treated at home. Bacterial meningitis symptoms might develop in a matter of hours and in other cases over a period of days. Viral meningitis symptoms could develop over several days or rapidly.

The order in which symptoms appear might differ. Characteristic symptoms of meningitis are severe headache, fever and neck stiffness.

Symptoms and signs of Meningitis:

  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Poor appetite
  • Severe, constant headache
  • Tiredness (drowsiness) or sluggishness
  • Inflexibility and pain of the neck that makes is difficult to place your chin on your chest
  • Fever
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Disorientation and often bewilderment
  • Seizure and coma in not uncommon in severe cases
  • Anxiety in the presence of loud sounds

In children and babies symptoms might include irritability, poor feeding, and sluggishness.

Other symptoms and signs which may indicate that the infection has entered the bloodstream:

  • Painful muscles
  • Painful joints
  • Unusual skin color
  • Irregular or rapid breathing
  • Feet and hands feels cold
  • Skin rashes
  • Stomach cramps (diarrhea in some cases)
  • Shivering
  • Fever
  • Appetite loss

Another typical symptom of meningitis is a spotty rash that doesn’t lose color when a glass is rolled over it. If you force down the side of a clear glass firmly against the skin and the rash doesn’t fade, it’s an indication of blood poisoning caused by meningitis and you should consult a medical practitioner immediately.

Rashes are more difficult to see on dark skin and you might have to check for spots on inside of the hands, soles of the feet, the stomach, inside the eyelids, and the inside of the mouth.

The common rash connected with meningitis generally looks like tiny, red pinpricks at first.

These spots rapidly spread over the body and change color from red to purple blotches.

You should seek medical care if:

You think that your child or somebody you know are experiencing symptoms of meningitis or if you have been in contact with someone whom was diagnosed with the infection.

  • Call your GP and describe the signs and symptoms as accurate as possible.
  • Avoid operating machinery or driving yourself if you suspect being infected.
  • In case a doctor can not examine you immediately, go to an emergency room.

More information:


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