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Rubella diagnosis

Rubella diagnosis

Medical attention for rubella should be sought if you or your child develop a fever, accompanied by rash (over 3 days) and swelling of the occipital linfen units. Talk to your doctor if you (or your child) are not vaccinated and have come into contact with someone with measles.

If you are pregnant and you find yourself in contact with a person with rubella, it is highly recommended that you also seek medical advice. If necessary, your doctor may give you an intravenous immunoglobulin preparation (ready-protective antibodies against rubella).

Rubella diagnosis is predominantly clinical (on the grounds of medical examination). During your first meeting with your doctor, you will asked questions about your symptoms, its characteristics and mode of occurrence. You will also be asked questions on where you have been exposed to sick persons and about your immunization history. If you have a child, the doctor will examine your child carefully paying special attention to any signs of inflammation of parotid and occipital lymph nodes, presence of rash and its characteristics, etc.

In addition to the preliminary examination, the doctor may order some additional consultation with specialists. Most often these are routine blood and urine tests, indicating viral infection. There are serological tests that can demonstrate the presence of rubella virus in the blood or the presence of specific antibodies directed against the virus, but such studies are used less frequently.

Isolation and proof of rubella virus from blood, cerebrospinal fluid, urine or nosoglatachen washes is also possible, but is usually applied only for scientific purposes and no practical value.

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