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Salmonella Diagnosis

salmonella diagnosis

If in doubt, it would be best to get diagnosed and treated by a medical professional.

Diagnosing and the accurate treatment of salmonella require testing a clinical specimen. A lot of people will identify food poisoning from their distinctive symptoms and, if mild symptoms are experienced, they do not usually need to seek medical advice or receive detailed medical treatment.

Severe symptoms might oblige you to seek professional medical diagnosis. The medical practitioner will ask you questions about recent travel abroad and gather information on ways that you could have eaten contaminated food or drank contaminated water. Your practitioner might even determine if you have been in contact with a contaminated person.

They will also examine:

  • Your temperature
  • Do a pulse reading
  • Take your blood pressure
  • Examine your abdomen for any signs of tenderness
  • Check for signs of dehydration (lack of fluid in the body)

If your medical practitioner suspects a salmonella infection in your bloodstream, he or she may recommend testing a sample of your blood for the bacteria.

A stool sample is not always required to make truthful diagnosis. Knowing what bacteria caused the infection might not make a difference to the treatment your doctor will prescribe. The majority cases of salmonella improve on its own before the stool test result is back. However your doctor could ask you to collect a stool sample. This sample is sent to the laboratory for testing to confirm salmonella infection.

A stool sample is likely to be required by your doctor if:

  • Symptoms are sever
  • Blood and or pus in your stool
  • Recent travels abroad
  • Recent hospitalization or antibiotic treatment in your medical history
  • Diarrhea unsettled after a 5 days
  • You have existing medical condition which affects your immune system
  • Your job involves handling raw food
  • You doctor wants to establish food poisoning or gastroenteritis

Testing a clinical sample (stool or blood) from an infected individual could be recommended by your doctor to distinguish the infection from other illnesses that can cause diarrhea, stomach cramps and fever. If salmonella is identified in the specimen, other testing can be done to further distinguish the salmonella.

Laboratory scientists categorize salmonella infection by culturing a specimen. If salmonella bacteria cultivate (grow), the diagnosis is confirmed, or in laboratory-terms, “culture confirmed.”

Laboratory testing for salmonella will distinguish;

  • (A group within a particular type of micro-organisms, such as viruses or bacteria, which share characteristic surface chemical structures.)
  • (Growing living matters, bacteria and viruses in a specific environment with nutrients to encourage growth.)

Serotyping has played a significant role in the understanding the epidemiologic and molecular classification of salmonella. Modern genetic sub-typing methods present scientists with supplementary information to understand ordinary serotypes and categorize, examine, and trace outbreaks.

The diagnosis of salmonella is usually accurate and treatment almost always successful since it is a self-limiting infection in most people. Even people with compromised immune systems can do well if the infection is diagnosed and treated on time.

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