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Salmonella Poisoning

salmonella poisoning

Salmonella poisoning is a bacterial infection of the intestinal tract.

Salmonella is a form of food poisoning sharing the same gastroenteritis symptoms. This disease is caused by the Salmonella enterica bacterium.  The bacteria causing salmonella lives in human and animal intestines (warm and cold-blood) and are shed through feces. There are various diverse kinds of these bacteria. Salmonella serotype Typhimurium and Salmonella serotype Enteritidis are the most common types.

Salmonella poisoning in humans usually occurs through consumption of contaminated food. More often than not people with salmonella do not get ill. Healthy people typically recover within a few days without particular medical treatment. People experiencing impaired immune systems, such as older adults, people with AIDS and babies, are more likely to develop diarrhea, fever and painful abdominal cramps within 8 to 72 hours after being infected.  Children, mainly infants, are most prone to get sick from it. In most cases, the illness lasts 4 to 7 days.

Reactive arthritis might be a long-lasting disabling affect some people suffer as a result of severe Salmonella.

How do you get Salmonella?

Salmonella poisoning is generally contracted from sources such as:

  • Poultry, pork, beef, and fish (seafood), if the meat is prepared improperly or is contaminated with the bacteria after preparation. Seafood might be infected if harvested from contaminated water.
  • Infected eggs, egg products, and milk when not prepared, handled, or refrigerated correctly. Infected chickens may produce eggs that contain salmonella prior to the shell is formed.
  • Contaminated fruits and vegetables.
  • Contaminated water.
  • Poor sanitation and hygiene.

Other sources that might cause salmonella poisoning:

  • Reptiles. Turtles, snakes, green iguanas including cold-blooded reptiles may carry salmonella bongori bacteria in their intestines.
  • Direct contact with the fecal matter of an infected person. Can cause the most severe infection which can lead to Typhoid fever. If left untreated this infection has been proven to be fatal. Typhoid fever (occurs when the infection spread from the intestines to the blood stream, and then to other body areas) is common in developing countries, where unsanitary conditions are more likely to exist.
  • Birds and pets. You can develop the infection after being in contact with birds or pets.

The body has many natural defenses against salmonella poisoning. Strong stomach acid can destroy numerous forms of salmonella bacteria. Medical problems or medications can weaken these natural defenses. Poor hygiene can increase risk of salmonella poisoning.

Food may become contaminated when prepared by people who don’t wash their hands thoroughly after using the bathroom or after changing a diaper. Poisoning also can take place if you handle something that is contaminated, such as pets – birds and reptiles, then placing unwashed fingers into your mouth. Washing your hands thoroughly after being in contact with animals, infected people and after using the bathroom is a powerful safe guard against salmonella poisoning.

Salmonella is more widespread during the summer than in the winter season.

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