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Salmonella Symptoms

salmonella symptoms

Salmonella poisoning is a bacterial infection of the intestinal tract.

Salmonella is a form of food poisoning sharing the same gastroenteritis symptoms. Symptoms of salmonella poisoning develop 8 to 72 hours after infection, and the illness typically lasts 4 to 7 days. This time period before symptoms appear is known as the ‘incubation period’. More often than not, people recover without treatment. Dehydration as a result of diarrhea in severe cases is not unusual. Especially older adults, babies, and those who have weakened immune systems are at highest risk.

Salmonella infection is usually divided in 2 categories. Non-typhoidal, is the most common form. This bacterium is known to be carried by humans and animals. Typhoidal, is rare and causes Typhoid fever. Bacteria causing Typhoid fever is carried by humans only.

The majority salmonella infections will be classified as gastroenteritis (stomach flu).

Symptoms that might indicate salmonella poisoning:

  • Nausea (feeling sick) or vomiting
  • Stomach cramps
  • Diarrhea might last up to 10 days. In more severe cases it might take months for bowl return to normal.
  • High temperatures (fever)
  • Chills
  • Headache
  • Blood in the stool

A number of salmonella bacteria varieties can result in typhoid fever. If left untreated this could be a deadly disease that is more general in developing countries.

Symptoms of dehydration as a result of salmonella infection include:

  • Fatigue
  • Lightheadedness or drowsiness
  • Headache
  • Muscle cramps and or body ache
  • Sunken eyes. Pale or mottled skin
  • Passing smaller amount urine and babies produce very few wet nappies
  • A dry mouth and tongue
  • (Having a lack of energy)
  • Becoming short-tempered.
  • Cold hands or feet
  • Rapid (but often shallow) breathing
  • Very high temperatures may develop

If you experience severe salmonella symptoms, dehydration can take place. If you suspect dehydration or spot symptoms of dehydration in yourself or your child, you should seek medical attention immediately. Mild dehydration is common and can typically be overcome by drinking lots of fluids. Severe dehydration can be deadly if not hastily treated for the reason that the organs of the body need a positive amount of fluid to function properly.

Symptoms of dehydration as a result of Salmonella infection should be monitored closely in:

  • Babies, young children.
  • Older adults or frail people.
  • Pregnant women.
  • People with compromised immune systems.

People suffering severe symptoms are at risk for complications such as reactive arthritis which can lead to chronic arthritis. Focal infection takes place if the salmonella bacteria take root in body tissue. Thyroid fever is another complication that occurs when the infection spread from the intestines to the blood stream, and then to other body sites. Thyroid fever can be lethal if left untreated. People with particularly severe poor health may need antibiotic therapy.

More often than not people with salmonella infection do not get ill. Healthy people typically recover within a few days without particular medical treatment or without experiencing severe symptoms of the disease.

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