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Rubella (German Measles)

Rubella "Little Red"

You might unknowingly be a carrier of “Little red”.

Symptoms habitually appear two to three weeks after exposure to the Rubella virus. The name rubella originates from the Latin word that means “little red.” Rubella, also known as German measles or three-day measles, are easily identified by its distinctive red rash. Rubella is still common in numerous parts of the world. The occurrence of rubella in other countries is to be considered before going abroad; especially if you’re pregnant. The disease is an acute, contagious viral infection.

Rubella treatment

Rubella treatment

Rubella treatment is often symptomatic, that is the treatment is applied on the area of complaint rather than the cause of the infection. Rubella drug treatment can be ineffective and does not destroy the rubella virus. Patients with rubella are advised to have minimal contact with other people. Rubella is not treated with antibiotics (as well as any viral infections). Antibiotics may be used only in case of a bacterial infection as a complication of underlying disease.

Symptomatic treatment of rubella is generally conducted by a GP at the patient’s home and can include the following steps:
– bed rest and peace
– drinking plenty of fluids (to 3-4l. per day) especially during the fever, incl. hot drinks
– nutrition of sick child
– care for sore eyes – eye wash and deleting them with a clean, damp cloth without rubbing; avoid bright light, – possibly wearing sunglasses
– application of painkillers and antipyretic (lowering drugs, high temperature) at high temperature, are used mainly medicaments containing paracetamol or ibuprufen, in the form of syrups, soluble powders or tablets. Since suffering from rubella are mainly children should be avoided medicines containing aspirin because of the risk of developing a dangerous condition called Reye’s syndrome.

Rubella diagnosis

Rubella diagnosis

Medical attention for rubella should be sought if you or your child develop a fever, accompanied by rash (over 3 days) and swelling of the occipital linfen units. Talk to your doctor if you (or your child) are not vaccinated and have come into contact with someone with measles.

Rubella symptoms

Rubella symptoms

Rubella sufferers develop a natural, life-long immunity against the disease after recovery from rubella. In unvaccinated populations, rubella is primarily a disease of early childhood. In developed countries where almost all children are properly immunized, cases of rubella are detected in adolescence and early adulthood with rubella infections more common in the seasons of winter and spring.

In most cases children’s complaints are mild to moderate. The most common symptoms of rubella are:
– moderately elevated temperature
– general weakness and discomfort
– joint pain
– headache
– excessive discharge or build-up of mucus in the nose or throat, associated with inflammation of the mucous membrane (catarrh)
– red, sore eyes
– rash
– swelling and tenderness of the lymph nodes