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Tonsillitis diagnosis

tonsillitis diagnosis

Clinical examination and detailed description of the beginning and complaints in this state are sufficient grounds for the diagnosis of tonsillitis / angina by the GP or specialist ear-nose-throat. The features of the amendments themselves tonsils and directed to the specific bacterial cause in some specific cases.

Where appropriate diagnosis is complemented by laboratory tests of blood – has expressed leukocytosis at (increased number of leukocytes) bacterial, no leukocytosis or has a reduced number of leukocytes in viral tonsillitis. If there is evidence out microbiological tests on throat swabs and smear tonsils that determine at specific bacteria and their antibiotic sensitivity.

Tonsillitis symptoms

Tonsillitis symptoms

In viral tonsillitis is gradually beginning, no fever, pain has a sore throat and swallowing, which are very mild or moderate, often have a cough and fever, the voice is hoarse, have affected and eye inflammation (conjunctivitis), diarrhea. In bacterial tonsillitis signs suggestive of group A streptococcus as the cause is sudden onset, most often in epidemic conditions in children between 5 and 15 years of age, pain in the throat and swallowing, fever, absence of cough, presence of diffuse muscle pain, skin rash.
 
In clinical examination establishes specific changes in the tonsils, such as redness of the mucous membranes, increasing the volume of the tonsils, presence of whitish bloom, sometimes vesicles (bubbles). Depending on these changes angina is different – erythematous ( “red angina”), “White angina”, vesicular (as in viral herpangina) pseudomembranous (infectious mononucleosis and diphtheria), ulcerative, necrotic

Tonsillitis disease

Tonsillitis is an inflammation of the tonsils, widely known among the public as tonsils. Tonsils are organs of the oropharynx (throat). These are lymphoid organs in the back of the mouth and upper throat that barrier, stopping the pathogen at the inlet of the body. The inflammatory process is also known as angina, when there is acute inflammation mainly tonsil or pharyngitis where inflammation affects the whole mucosa of the throat. The demarcation of the areas of inflammation in the oropharynx is difficult and often difficult, so the terms tonsillitis, pharyngitis, tonsillitis, often perceived as equivalent.

Pharyngitis and tonsillitis are inflammation, often with an infectious etiology caused by bacteria or viruses. Among the most common viruses responsible for angina are adenoviruses, influenza and virus. Known bacterial agents are beta-hemolytic streptococcus group A characteristic of children over three years with a peak between 5 and 15 years old and rare for adults, Streptococcus pyogenes, hemolytic streptococci from other groups gonococci and others.