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Toxoplasmosis treatment

Toxoplasmosis treatment

Treatment of toxoplasmosis is performed by circuits preparatitie pyrimethamine with folic acid in combination with a sulfonamide or antibiotic in a dose appropriate to the age, the presence of pregnancy and condition of the immune system. Preventing infection of toxoplasmosis is particularly important for women of childbearing age and persons with weakened immune systems. This should avoid working in the garden or making such a glove. It is desirable care outfit housecat be carried out by another family member. Avoid contact with cats residing in the external environment in which it is possible access to infected rodents. The suite is inappropriate assumption of random cat and fondling and playing with such street. Pet is right to be tested for carriers of the parasite.

It is necessary to avoid handling raw meat, thorough cleaning of employed utensils and cutting boards after use and compliant cooked.

Symptoms of toxoplasmosis

Symptoms of toxoplasmosis

Symptoms of toxoplasmosis infection in individuals with preserved immunity occurs favorably with discrete expressed to flu-like symptoms. The most commonly observed increase in lymph nodes in the neck, without accompanying pain in them. Among adults usually affects one group of lymph nodes, but in children – not infrequently engage more. Sometimes the condition persists for a month or two, rarely even longer.

In cases of immunosuppression in AIDS or transplant chemotherapy treatment, etc., It is possible to severe organ damage – damage to the brain – encephalitis or meningitis, heart – myocarditis in locating the process in white lungs – interstitial pneumonia chorioretinitis – affected eye less often and others depending on the authorities concerned. In these cases, typically in the case of reactivation of latent infection.

If the infection occurred before pregnancy virtually no risk to the fetus by placental infection. But if the mother is infected during pregnancy itself, even when it is no clinical manifestation (90% of cases), the risk to the fetus is. Possible outcome are as miscarriage or stillbirth, and congenital toxoplasmosis. More dangerous to the fetus the first three months, less the second quarter. The most typical is the effect on the central nervous system with possible hydrocephalus or microcephaly, neurological symptoms, psychomotor retardation, chorioretinitis. Upon infection during the third trimester usually congenital infection is asymptomatic.

Toxoplasmosis disease

Toxoplasmosis disease

Toxoplasmosis is acutely occurring parasitic disease caused by single-celled parasite called Toxoplasma gondii. The man and other animals – domestic and wild, appearing intermediate hosts and the final host of the infection are the representatives of the cat family, considered the most significant reservoirs. Animals and man infected with the parasite through infected meat, contact with faeces of a cat and possibly from mother to fetus. Most often the infection occurs by eating poorly culinary cured meat, often pork, lamb, game, containing cysts of Toxoplasma. Often just about contact with the mouth during treatment of raw meat or using poorly washed knives, utensils, cutting boards.
 
Other circumstances in which infection occurs are cleaning the toilet of a house cat or work in the garden in sandy playground, etc., Where after contact with faeces oocysts can enter the body through the mouth. Although the parasite is isolated in the fur of cats, it is usually not pathogenic and are believed infected with fondling and playing with cat is extremely rare. Own pets can become infected after eating an infected rodent. A few weeks after they begin to separate faeces oocysts, which in turn become zarazosposobni few days stay outside.