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Vasculitis symptoms

Vasculitis symptoms

Vasculitis symptoms vary in different types of vasculitis. Some of the complaints were common to the whole group, but others are specific to the type of affected blood vessels, the severity of the damage and the type of diseased organs:
Nodosa polyarteritis – fever with chills, weight loss, weakness, constant fatigue, general weakness and malaise, headache, abdominal pain, muscle pain, high blood blood pressure, shortness of breath, skin rash with nodular, painful growths on the skin, polyneuropathy with reduced sensitivity of the skin of the extremities, numbness and tingling, symptoms of central nervous system such as stroke
Hypersensitivity vasculitis – skin rash with raised, groping to purple spots on the skin, especially in the lower limbs, fever, joint pain
Giant cell arteritis – fever, sore jaw after chewing, loss of appetite, vision problems, headache, general weakness and malaise, constant fatigue, joint pain
Wegener’s granulomatosis – general weakness and malaise, weakness, fatigue, joint pain, loss of appetite, weight loss, pain in the paranasal sinuses (sinuses), leaking gnoevidna matter of sinus through the nose and mouth, nosebleeds, cough with bloody sputum, shortness of breath, chest pain, red eyes, skin rash and skin ulcers, symptoms of renal insufficiency (itchy skin, increased blood pressure, edema, general poisoning of the body, etc.), etc.
Disease Takayasu – general fatigue and weakness, fever, night sweats, joint pain, loss of appetite and body weight, pain in one or both arms, seizures, symptoms of congestive heart failure (shortness of breath, pain and heaviness in the chest , tiredness, swelling, bluish color of the skin and lips)
Kawasaki disease – swelling of lymph nodes in the neck, swelling of the skin, redness of the mouth, lips and hands, dropping ( “peeling”) of the skin of the fingertips, chest pain, shortness of breath

Seek medical attention if complaining of unexplained fever, weight loss, constant fatigue or general weakness, muscle weakness, presence of skin rash accompanying other complaints, breathing problems, chest pains or any of the other Vasculitis symptoms described.

Vasculitis diagnosis is not always attaches easily and sometimes requires cooperation between experts in different fields of medicine. Sometimes the first review is not sufficient for the diagnosis, often may be necessary to perform specialized research and patient follow-up over time. At the first meeting examiner will examine in depth the nature and characteristics of complaints, manner and time of their occurrence, factors that reinforces or alleviate the presence of unexplained fever and weight loss, medications, presence of similar complaints or diseases in the family.
Then the doctor will examine you thoroughly as monitor and examine the whole body and all its systems and organs. Vasculitis can affect any organ or body part, but with the utmost care doctor examines the skin, joints, heart rate, nervous system, sinuses, lungs and digestive system.

To clarify and prove the diagnosis after this initial examination the doctor will order certain tests. The most commonly performed tests are:
Standard blood tests such as complete blood count, sedimentation rate of erythrocytes, etc., which may indicate the presence of nonspecific changes, characteristic of the inflammatory process in the body.
Antibody testing as those occurring during infection and systemic lupus erythematosus and antibodies that are specifically associated with most types of vasculitis – antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA).
Urine – which may exhibit renal impairment
Tissue biopsy – a sure proof of the diagnosis is done by taking the matter of affected tissue or organ and its subsequent investigation by a specialist under a microscope. The most common material for biopsy testing is taken from the skin, muscle, sinus, lung tissue, kidney tissue or nerve; microscopic examination reveals specific inflammation of the wall of blood vessels in the affected tissues.
Arteriography – it is imaging, which is injection-X-ray contrast agent into the affected blood vessel and displaying it on the radiograph. The resulting image provides information about the inner loop of the affected vessel patency, and type of the harm it; this study applies generally when taking material for biopsy study is not possible or the result of it is not significant.


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