/* */ What is Hiatal Hernia? | Health Diagnosis

What is Hiatal Hernia?

woman Hiatal Hernia

Hernia call passage of the contents of a body cavity, outside it, to the surface of the body or other cavity. Hiatus is opening in the diaphragm – the muscular wall that separates the chest from the abdomen. In this hole passes the esophagus, which shortly after entering the abdominal cavity passes into the stomach. In Hiatal Hernia, the stomach goes through this opening into the chest cavity. There are two main types of hiatal hernia: sliding (axial) and paraesophageal (to the esophagus). In the first case the stomach and esophagus are “crawling” along in the chest cavity as the site of their connection moves above the diaphragm. It’s safest and most common type of hernia.

Hiatal Hernia is actually less common but more serious problem. In this case, the connection between the esophagus and stomach stay in their normal place, but part of the stomach is “inserted” in hiatus.

Sometimes through the aperture of the diaphragm can be inserted not only the stomach, but also the spleen and part of the colon (transverse part).
Although the disease can be a rather scarce complaints and symptoms, there is a danger of “pinching” of the stomach into the opening of the diaphragm, associated with interruption of the blood supply, respectively. nutrition of the affected area. If the gut is affected, there is a risk of interruption movement and blood flow to the intestinal wall and develop ileus condition and peritonitis.

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